A Scriptural Exposition of the Baptist Catechism

I really enjoy this exposition by Benjamin Beddome and have used it often since purchasing it before family readings, Bible studies, etc.

Question # 1 – WHO IS THE FIRST AND CHIEFEST BEING?
Answer. God is the first and chiefest Being.

Is God the first of all beings?
Yes. “I am the first” – Isaiah 44:6

Is he the first cause of all beings?
Yes. “Of whom are all things” – 1 Corinthians 8:6

Are all other causes subordinate to the first cause?
Yes. “O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger and the staff in their hands is mine indignation.” – Isaiah 10:5

Is God the first in creation?
Yes. “He spake and it was done.” – Psalm 33:9

Is he the first in providence?
Yes. “For in him we live, and move, and have our being,” – Acts 17:28


Is he the first in government?
Yes. “Thy throne is established of old.” – Psalm 93:2

Is he the first in the world of grace?
Yes. “All things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself,” – 2 Corinthians 5:18

Is he first in the displays of his love?
Yes. “We love him because he first loved us,” – 1 John 4:19

Can we be beforehand with God?
No. “Who hath first given unto him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again.” – Romans 11:35

Should God then be first in our thoughts?
Yes. “When I awake I am still with thee,” – Psalm 139:18
And first in our esteem?
Yes. “Whom have I in heaven but thee,” – Psalm 73:25
Should we first give ourselves unto him?
Yes. “But first gave their own-selves unto the Lord,” – 2 Corinthians 8:5
And should he have the first fruits?
Yes. “My soul desireth the first ripe fruits,” – Micah 7:1

Is God the chiefest being?
Yes. “Who is like unto thee, O Lord?” – Exodus 15:11

Is he above all pretenders?
Yes. “He is a great King, above all gods,” – Psalm 95:3

Is he chief in heaven?
Yes. “Who in heaven can be compared unto the Lord,” – Psalm 89:6

Is he chief on earth?
Yes. “Thou Lord art high above all the earth.” – Palm 97:9

Is he only one of the chief?
No. “For he is the Most High,” – Psalm 56:2
And will he ever retain his pre-eminency?
Yes. “For he is the Most High for evermore.” – Psalm 92:8

Should God then be chiefly loved?
Yes. “Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart.” – Luke 10:27
And chiefly feared?
Yes. “Rather fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell,” – Matthew 10:28
And are those happy who are interested in him?
Yes. “Happy is that people whose God is the Lord.” – Psalm 144:15

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An Orthodox Catechism

This is another catechism I refer to often. The link I use to visit is broken so I’ll blog this edition I found here.

 

 

An Orthodox Catechism:

Being the Sum of

Christian Religion,

Contained in the Law and Gospel

Published

For Preventing the Canker and

Poison of Heresy and Error.

by HERCULES COLLINS.

Search the Scriptures. John 14.29.

The Words that I have spoken, the same

shall judge you in the Last day. John 12.48.

London,

Printed in the Year, 1680.

 

 

Table of Contents


The Preface.

Lesson 1

Q. 1 What is your only comfort in life and in death?…………………. 11

Q. 2 What must you know to live and die in the joy of this comfort?………………………………………………………………………………….. 11

Part I: Human Misery

Lesson 2

Q. 3 How do you come to know your misery?…………………………. 12

Q. 4  What does God’s law require of us?……………………………… 12

Q. 5  Can you live up to all this perfectly?……………………………… 12

Lesson 3

Q. 6  Did God create people so wicked and perverse?………………. 13

Q. 7  Then where does this corrupt human nature come from?….. 13

Q. 8  But are we so corrupt that we are totally unable to do any good and inclined toward all evil?………………………………………………. 13

Lesson 4

Q. 9  But doesn’t God do us an injustice by requiring in his law what we are unable to do?……………………………………………………….. 14

Q. 10 Will God permit such disobedience and rebellion to go unpunished?………………………………………………………………….. 14

Q. 11 But isn’t God also merciful?……………………………………….. 14

Part II: Deliverance

Lesson 5

Q. 12 According to God’s righteous judgment we deserve punishment both in this world and forever after: how then can we escape this punishment and return to God’s favor?…………………. 15

Q. 13 Can we pay this debt ourselves?…………………………………. 15

Q. 14 Can another creature–any at all–pay this debt for us?…….. 15

Q. 15 What kind of mediator and deliverer should we look for then?………………………………………………………………………………….. 15

Lesson 6

Q. 16 Why must he be truly human and truly righteous?………….. 16

Q. 17 Why must he also be true God?………………………………….. 16

Q. 18 And who is this mediator–true God and at the same time truly human and truly righteous?………………………………………………. 16

Q. 19 How do you come to know this?…………………………………. 16

Lesson 7

Q. 20 Are all saved through Christ just as all were lost through Adam?…………………………………………………………………………. 17

Q. 21 What is true faith?…………………………………………………… 17

Q. 22 What then must a Christian believe?……………………………. 17

Q. 23 What are these articles?…………………………………………… 17

Lesson 8

Q. 24 How are these articles divided?………………………………….. 18

Q. 25 Since there is but one God,1 why do you speak of three: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit?……………………………………………… 18

God the Father

Lesson 9

Q. 26 What do you believe when you say, “I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth”?………………………. 19

Lesson 10

Q. 27 What do you understand by the providence of God?………… 20

Q. 28 How does the knowledge of God’s creation and providence help us?……………………………………………………………………….. 20

God the Son

Lesson 11

Q. 29 Why is the Son of God called “Jesus,” meaning “savior”?…… 21

Q. 30 Do those who look for their salvation and security in saints, in  themselves, or elsewhere really believe in the only savior Jesus?…. 21

Lesson 12

Q. 31 Why is he called “Christ,” meaning “anointed”?………………. 22

Q. 32 But why are you called a Christian?……………………………… 22

Lesson 13

Q. 33 Why is he called God’s “only Son” when we also are God’s children?………………………………………………………………………. 23

Q. 34 Why do you call him “our Lord”?…………………………………. 23

Lesson 14

Q. 35 What does it mean that he “was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary”?…………………………………………….. 24

Q. 36 How does the holy conception and birth of Christ benefit you?………………………………………………………………………………….. 24

Lesson 15

Q. 37 What do you understand by the word “suffered”?…………… 25

Q. 38 Why did he suffer “under Pontius Pilate” as judge?………….. 25

Q. 39 Is it significant that he was “crucified” instead of dying some other way?……………………………………………………………………. 25

Lesson 16

Q. 40 Why did Christ have to go all the way to death?……………… 26

Q. 41 Why was he “buried”?……………………………………………… 26

Q. 42 Since Christ has died for us, why do we still have to die?….. 26

Q. 43 What further advantage do we receive from Christ’s sacrifice and death on the cross?…………………………………………………… 26

Q. 44 Why does the creed add, “He descended to hell”?………….. 26

Lesson 17

Q. 45 How does Christ’s resurrection benefit us?…………………….. 27

Lesson 18

Q. 46 What do you mean by saying, “He ascended to heaven”?…. 28

Q. 47 But isn’t Christ with us until the end of the world as he promised us?1……………………………………………………………….. 28

Q. 48 If his humanity is not present wherever his divinity is, then aren’t the two natures of Christ separated from each other?……… 28

Q. 49 How does Christ’s ascension to heaven benefit us?…………. 28

Lesson 19

Q. 50 Why the next words: “and is seated at the right hand of God”?………………………………………………………………………………….. 29

Q. 51 How does this glory of Christ our head benefit us?………….. 29

Q. 52 How does Christ’s return “to judge the living and the dead” comfort you?………………………………………………………………….. 29

God the Holy Spirit

Lesson 20

Q. 53 What do you believe concerning “the Holy Spirit”?………….. 30

Lesson 21

Q. 54 What do you believe concerning “the holy catholic church”? 31

Q. 55 What do you understand by “the communion of saints”?….. 31

Q. 56 What do you believe concerning “the forgiveness of sins”?… 31

Lesson 22

Q. 57 How does “the resurrection of the body” comfort you?……… 32

Q. 58 How does the article concerning “life everlasting” comfort you?………………………………………………………………………………….. 32

Lesson 23

Q. 59 What good does it do you, however, to believe all this?…….. 33

Q. 60 How are you right with God?……………………………………… 33

Q. 61 Why do you say that by faith alone you are right with God?. 33

Lesson 24

Q. 62 Why can’t the good we do make us right with God, or at least help make us right with him?…………………………………………….. 34

Q. 63 How can you say that the good we do doesn’t earn anything when God promises to reward it in this life and the next?…………. 34

Q. 64 But doesn’t this teaching make people indifferent and wicked?………………………………………………………………………………….. 34

The Sacraments

Lesson 25

Q. 65 It is by faith alone that we share in Christ and all his blessings: where then does that faith come from?………………………………… 35

Q. 66 What are sacraments?……………………………………………… 35

Q. 67 Are both the word and the sacraments then intended to focus our faith on the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross as the only ground of our salvation?…………………………………………………… 35

Q. 68 How many sacraments did Christ institute in the New Testament?……………………………………………………………………. 35

Baptism

Lesson 26

Q. 69 What is Baptism?……………………………………………………. 36

Q. 70 Who are the proper Subjects of this Ordinance?……………… 36

Q. 71 Should infants, too, be baptized?………………………………… 36

Q. 72 Does the Scriptures forbid the Baptism of Infants?………….. 36

Q. 73 May not the infant children of believers under the Gospel be baptized since  the infant descendants of Abraham were circumcised under the Law?………………………………………………………………. 36

Q. 74 If the infant children of believers are in the Covenant of Grace with their parents, as some say, why may they not  be baptized under the Gospel, as well as Abraham’s infant descendants were circumcised under the Law?………………………………………………. 36

Lesson 27

Q. 75 How does baptism remind you and assure you that Christ’s one sacrifice on the cross is for you personally?……………………………. 39

Q. 76 What does it mean to be washed with Christ’s blood and Spirit?………………………………………………………………………….. 39

Q. 77 Where does Christ promise that we are washed with his blood and Spirit as surely as we are washed with the water of baptism?. 39

Lesson 28

Q. 78 Does this outward washing with water itself wash away sins?………………………………………………………………………………….. 40

Q. 79 Why then does the Holy Spirit call baptism the washing of rebirth and the washing away of sins?………………………………….. 40

Of the Lord’s Supper.

Lesson 29

Q. 80 How does the Lord’s Supper remind you and assure you that you share in Christ’s one sacrifice on the cross and in all his gifts?. 41

Q. 81 What does it mean to eat the crucified body of Christ and to drink his poured-out blood?……………………………………………….. 41

Q. 82 Where does Christ promise to nourish and refresh believers with his body and blood as surely as they eat this broken bread and drink this cup?……………………………………………………………….. 41

Lesson 30

Q. 83 Are the bread and wine changed into the real body and blood of Christ?………………………………………………………………………. 43

Q. 84 Why then does Christ call the bread his body and the cup his blood, or the new covenant in his blood? ……………………………… 43

Lesson 31

Q. 85  How does the Lord’s Supper differ from the Roman Catholic Mass?…………………………………………………………………………… 44

Q. 86 Who are to come to the Lord’s table?…………………………… 44

Q. 87 Are those to be admitted to the Lord’s Supper who show by what they say and do that they are unbelieving and ungodly?……. 44

Q. 88 How should this Ordinance of the Lord’s Supper be closed?. 44

Lesson 32

Q. 89 What are the keys of the kingdom?……………………………… 46

Q. 90 How does preaching the gospel open and close the kingdom of heaven?……………………………………………………………………….. 46

Q. 91 How is the kingdom of heaven closed and opened by Christian discipline?……………………………………………………………………… 46

Part III: Gratitude

Lesson 33

Q. 92 We have been delivered from our misery by God’s grace alone through Christ and not because we have earned it: why then must we still do good?…………………………………………………………….. 47

Q. 93 Can those be saved who do not turn to God from their ungrateful and impenitent ways?………………………………………… 47

Lesson 34

Q. 94 What is involved in genuine repentance or conversion?…….. 48

Q. 95 What is the dying-away of the old self?………………………… 48

Q. 96 What is the coming-to-life of the new self?……………………. 48

Q. 97 What do we do that is good?……………………………………… 48

Lesson 35

Q. 98 What is the Law of God?…………………………………………… 49

Q. 99 How are these commandments divided?……………………….. 49

Q. 100 What is the Preface to the ten Commandments?…………… 49

Q. 101 What do we learn from the Preface?………………………….. 49

Q. 102 Do these things belong to us?………………………………….. 49

Q. 103 What is the first Commandment?………………………………. 49

Q. 104 What does the Lord require in the first commandment?….. 49

Q. 105 What is idolatry?…………………………………………………… 50

Lesson 36

Q. 106. What is the Second Commandment?…………………………. 51

Q. 107 What is God’s will for us in the second commandment?….. 51

Q. 108 May we then not make any image at all?…………………….. 51

Q. 109 But may not images be permitted in the churches as teaching aids for the unlearned?…………………………………………………….. 51

Lesson 37

Q. 110. What is the third Commandment?…………………………….. 52

Q. 111 What is God’s will for us in the third commandment?……… 52

Q. 112  Is blasphemy of God’s name by swearing and cursing really such serious sin that God is angry also with those who do not do all they can to help prevent it and forbid it?………………………………. 52

Lesson 38

Q. 113  But may we swear an oath in God’s name if we do it reverently?……………………………………………………………………. 53

Q. 114  May we swear by saints or other creatures?………………… 53

Lesson 39

Q. 115. What is the fourth Commandment?…………………………… 54

Q. 116  What is God’s will for you in the fourth commandment?…. 54

Lesson 40

Q. 117 What is the fifth Commandment?……………………………… 55

Q. 118  What is God’s will for you in the fifth commandment?……. 55

Lesson 41

Q. 119. What is the sixth Commandment?…………………………….. 56

Q. 120  What is God’s will for you in the sixth commandment?…… 56

Q. 121  Does this commandment refer only to killing?……………… 56

Q. 122  Is it enough then that we do not kill our neighbor in any such way?…………………………………………………………………….. 56

Lesson 42

Q. 123 What is the seventh Commandment?…………………………. 57

Q. 124  What is God’s will for us in the seventh commandment?… 57

Q. 125  Does God, in this commandment, forbid only such scandalous sins as adultery?………………………………………………. 57

Lesson 43

Q. 126 What is the eighth Commandment?…………………………… 58

Q. 127  What does God forbid in the eighth commandment?…….. 58

Q. 128  What does God require of you in this commandment?…… 58

Lesson 44

Q. 129. What is the ninth Commandment?……………………………. 59

Q. 130  What is God’s will for you in the ninth commandment?….. 59

Lesson 45

Q. 131 What is the tenth Commandment……………………………… 60

Q. 132  What is God’s will for you in the tenth commandment?….. 60

Q. 133  But can those converted to God obey these commandments perfectly?……………………………………………………………………… 60

Q. 134  No one in this life can obey the Ten Commandments perfectly: why then does God want them preached so pointedly?.. 60

Of Prayer.

Lesson 46

Q. 135  Why do Christians need to pray?………………………………. 61

Q. 136  How does God want us to pray so that he will listen to us? 61

Q. 137  What did God command us to pray for?……………………… 61

Q. 138  What is this prayer?………………………………………………. 61

Q. 139. Are Christians tied to this very Form of Prayer?…………….. 62

Lesson 47

Q. 140  Why did Christ command us to call God “our Father”?……. 63

Q. 141  Why the words “in heaven”?……………………………………. 63

Lesson 48

Q. 142  What does the first request mean?…………………………… 64

Lesson 49

Q. 143  What does the second request mean?……………………….. 65

Lesson 50

Q. 144  What does the third request mean?………………………….. 66

Lesson 51

Q. 145  What does the fourth request mean?………………………… 67

Lesson 52

Q. 146  What does the fifth request mean?…………………………… 68

Lesson 53

Q. 147  What does the sixth request mean?………………………….. 69

Q. 148  What does your conclusion to this prayer mean?………….. 69

Q. 149  What does that little word “Amen” express?………………… 69

 

 

The Preface.

Unto the Church of Christ, who upon Confession of Faith have bin Baptised, Meeting in Old-Gravel Lane London, Grace Mercy and Peace be multiplied unto you, and the good will of him which dwelt in the Bush be with your Spirits, Amen.

Dearly Beloved,

Forasmuch as there is but a small time allotted unto any of us in this World, and not knowing but my Staff standeth next the Door ready to depart, I am desirous in this respect so to bestow my precious and present time in my Lord’s business, as I may not return to him with my Talent wrapt up in a Napkin, but may leave behind me some poor token and testimony of my Love and Duty towards him, and his blessed Spouse the Church.

And forasmuch as the day we live in is very gloomy and dark, full of Error and Heresie, which spreads more and more (through the indefatigable indeavours of the maintainers of it) like an overflowing Leprosie, and eateth as doth a Canker.

Also considering it is a day of great declension in love to God and one to another also, from those Gospel Truths, the least of which is more worth then our lives: all which may give God just cause to say to England’s Professors, as once to Israel, “What iniquity have your Fathers found in me that they are gone away far from me? As if God should say, Am I not the same as ever in Power, Goodness, Faithfulness? is not my Word and Ordinances the same, yea my Promises and Heaven the same now as ever?

Now that you may not be shaken, shattered and carried away with every wind and blast, every puff and breath of Error, and Heresie; also that you may be the better established, strengthened, and settled on that sure Rock and Foundation of Salvation, Christ’s Merits, in opposition to the poor imperfect works of an impotent Creature; also settled on the foundation of Church-constitution, on which you are already built, through the Grace of God which stirred you up to search the divine Oracle, and Rule of Divine Service, as Ezra and Nehemiah searched into the particular parts of God’s Worship, by which means they came to the practice of that almost lost Ordinance of God, the Feast of Tabernacles, which for many years was not practised after the due order, though a general notion was retained about it; I say, under these Considerations, I have in charitable regard to your Souls, presented you with this small (but I am bold to say) sound piece of Divinity, which may not unfitly be stiled an Abridgment, or Epitome of Law and Gospel, suited to every ones capacity in God’s House: here is Milk for Babes, and Meat for strong Men. It may not unfitly be compared to the Waters of the Sanctuary, where some may go up to the Ankles, others to the Knees, others to the Loins, and they are deep enough for others to swim in. Here you are not only taught to be good Christians, but good Moralists, the wane of which among them that have the Leaves and Lamps of Profession (as ’tis to be feared such have little more) is of a heart-breaking Consideration to many that desire to walk with God.

Now albeit here may be many things which some of you may know already, yet unto such those things I hope will be acceptable as St. Peter’s Epistles were to the scattered Saints, though they knew much of the matter before, yet I dare say here is somethings which may be for information as well as establishment to the most knowing among you.

I have not undertaken to present you with new Notions or Principles, hoping an Athenian Spirit is in none of you, but do believe that an old Gospel (to you that have tasted the sweetness of it) will be more acceptable than a new, though published by an Angel from Heaven.

In what I have written you will see I concenter with the most Orthodox Divines in the Fundamental Principles and Articles of the Christian Faith, and also have industriously expressed them in the same words, which have on the like occasion bin spoken, only differing in some things about Church-constitution, wherein I have taken a little pains to show you the true form of God’s House, with the coming in thereof, and the going out thereof: but I hope my Zeal in this will not be misinterpreted by any that truly fear God. That God whom we serve is very jealous of his Worship; and forasmuch as by his Providence the Law of his House hath bin preserved and continued to us, we look upon it as our Duty in our generation to be searching out the mind of God in his holy Oracle, as Ezra and Nehemiah did the Feast of Tabernacles, and to reform what is amiss, As Hezekiah, who took a great deal of pains to cleanse the House of God, and set all things in order, that were out of order, particularly caused the People to keep the Passover according to the Institution: for it had not, saith the Text, bin of a long time kept in such sort as it was written; and albeit the pure Institutions of Christ were not for some hundred of years practised according to the due order, or very little through the Innovations of Antichrist; and as Circumcision for about forty years was unpracticed in the Wilderness, yet as Joshua puts this duty in practice as soon as God signified his mind in that particular, so we having our judgments informed about the true way of Worship, do not dare to stifle the Light God hath given us.

Now albeit there are some differences between many Godly Divines and us in Church Constitution, yet inasmuch as those things are not the Essence of Christianity, but that we do agree in the fundamental Doctrine thereof, there is sufficient ground to lay aside all bitterness and prejudice, and labour to maintain a spirit of Love each to other, knowing we shall never see all alike here. We find in the primitive times that the Baptism of Christ was not universally known, witness the ignorance of Apollos that eminent Disciple and Minister, which know only the Baptism of John.  And if God shall enlighten any into any Truth, which they shall stifle for base and unwarrantable ends, know that ’tis God must judg, and not Man.  And wherein we cannot concur, let us leave that to the coming of Christ Jesus, as they did their difficult cases in the Church of old until there did arise a Priest with Urim and Thummin, that might certainly inform them of the mind of God there-about.

I have proposed three Creeds to your consideration, which ought throughly to be believed and embraced by all those that would be accounted Christians, viz. the Nicene Creed, Athanasius His Creed, and the Creed commonly called the Apostles; the last of which contains the sum of the Gospel; which is industriously opened and explained; and I beseech you do not slight it because of its Form, nor Antiquity, nor because supposed to be composed by Men; neither because some that hold it maintain some Errors, or whose Conversation may not be correspondent to such fundamental Principles of Salvation; but take this for a perpetual Rule, That whatever is good in any, owned by any, whatever Error or Vice it may be mixed withal, the Good must not be rejected for the Error or Vice sake, but owned, commended, and accepted. Here is also in the close of the Book a brief, but full Exposition of that Prayer Christ taught his Disciples. Also the Decalogue, or ten Commandments unfolded.

Now forasmuch as I have taken a great deal of pains in gathering these broken fragments together for your utility and profit, I hope you will take a little pains to reade it, and more to live it; and I pray do it seriously and observingly. Reade it humbly and frequently, reade it with prayer and meditation, then am I sure thou who art a true Christian wilt love it more & more. And as you love your own Souls, love your Childrens, and declare it in praying for them, as Job did for his, and instructing them as Abraham did his, also winning them to good by a good Example. And that this Book may be of advantage to Youth as well as others, it is catechistically handled for their more easie learning the Principles of Christian Religion, that so they being seasoned with the true Articles of Christian Faith, may not so easily be tainted with the sentiments of Men of corrupt minds in time of Temptation. And it is heartily desired that Parents, especially professing ones, were more concerned for the everlasting welfare of their Children, as David was for Solomon, when he charged him near his death to keep the Commandments and Judgments of God above all. And if Parents would but conscientiously read those Divine Oracles which hold forth their Duty to their Children, it would doubtless be to them of great advantage.

As for this that I have presented to publick view, I beg the Readers kind indulgence as to the faults escaped therein: And for those whom the Lord hath committed to my Charge, that the Eternal God may be your Refuge, and underneath you everlasting Arms; that Grace may be opened to your Hearts, and your hearts to Grace; that the blessing of the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob may be upon you, and the eternal Spirit may be with you, shall be the Prayer of your unworthy Brother, but more unworthy Pastor,

H.C.

 

 

Lesson 1

Q. 1 What is your only comfort in life and in death?

A.  That I am not my own,1 but belong — body and soul,in life and in death—2 to my faithful Savior Jesus Christ.3

He has fully paid for all my sins with his precious blood,4 and has set me free from the tyranny of the devil.5 He also watches over me in such a way6 that not a hair can fall from my head without the will of my Father in heaven:7 in fact, all things must work together for my salvation.8

Because I belong to him, Christ, by his Holy Spirit, assures me of eternal life9 and makes me wholeheartedly willing and ready from now on to live for him.10

 

11 Corinthians 6:19-20

2Romans 14:7-9

31 Corinthians 3:23 Titus 2:14

41 Peter 1:18-19  1 John 1:7-9  1 John 2:2

5John 8:34-36  Hebrews 2:14-15  1 John 3:1-11

6John 6:39-40  John 10:27-30  2 Thessalonians 3:3  1 Peter 1:5

7Matthew 10:29  Luke 21:16-18

8Romans 8:28

9Romans 8:15-16  2 Corinthians 1:21-22  2 Corinthians 5:5  Ephesians 1:13-14

10 Romans 8:1-17

Q. 2 What must you know to live and die in the joy of this comfort?

A.   Three things: first, how great my sin and misery are;1 second, how I am set free from all my sins and misery;2  third, how I am to thank God for such deliverance.3

 

1Romans 3:9-10  1 John 1:10

2John 17:3  Acts 4:12

3Matthew 5:16  Romans 6:13  Ephesians 5:8-10  2 Timothy 2:15  1 Peter 2:9-10

Part I: Human Misery

Lesson 2

Q. 3 How do you come to know your misery?

A.  The law of God tells me.1

 

1Romans 3:20  Romans 7:7-25

Q. 4  What does God’s law require of us?

A.  Christ teaches us this in summary in Matthew 22–
Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.1* This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: Love your neighbor as yourself.2 All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.

 

1Deuteronomy 6:5

2Leviticus 19:18

*Earlier and better manuscripts of Matthew 22 omit the words “and with all your strength.” They are found in Mark 12:30.

 

Q. 5  Can you live up to all this perfectly?

A.   No. I have a natural tendency to hate God1 and my neighbor.2

 

1Romans 3:9-20, 23  1 John 1:8, 10

2Genesis 6:5  Jeremiah 17:9  Romans 7:23-24  Romans 8:7  Ephesians 2:1-3 Titus 3:3

 

 

Lesson 3

Q. 6  Did God create people so wicked and perverse?

A.   No. God created them good1 and in his own image,2 that is, in true righteousness and holiness,3 so that they might truly know God their creator,4 love him with all their heart, and live with him in eternal happiness for his praise and glory.5

 

1Genesis 1:31

2Genesis 1:26-27

3Ephesians 4:24

4Colossians 3:10

5Psalms 8:1-9

 

Q. 7  Then where does this corrupt human nature come from?

A.  From the fall and disobedience of our first parents, Adam and Eve, in Paradise.1 This fall has so poisoned our nature2 that we are born sinners– corrupt from conception on.3

 

1Genesis 3:1-24

2Romans 5:12  Romans 5:18-19

3Psalms 51:5

 

Q. 8  But are we so corrupt that we are totally unable to do any good and inclined toward all evil?

A.  Yes,1 unless we are born again, by the Spirit of God.2

 

1Genesis 6:5  Genesis 8:21  Job 14:4  Isaiah 53:6

2John 3:3-5

 

 

Lesson 4

Q. 9  But doesn’t God do us an injustice by requiring in his law what we are unable to do?

A.  No, God created humans with the ability to keep the law.1 They, however, tempted by the devil,2 in reckless disobedience,3 robbed themselves and all their descendants of these gifts.4

 

1Gen. 1:31; Eph. 4:24

2Gen. 3:13; John 8:44

3Gen. 3:6

4Rom. 5:12, 18, 19

 

Q. 10 Will God permit such disobedience and rebellion to go unpunished?

A.  Certainly not. He is terribly angry about the sin we are born with as well as the sins we personally commit. As a just judge he punishes them now and in eternity.1 He has declared: “Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law.2

 

1Ex. 34:7; Ps. 5:4-6; Nah. 1:2; Rom. 1:18; Eph. 5:6; Heb. 9:27

2Gal. 3:10; Deut. 27:26

 

Q. 11 But isn’t God also merciful?

A.  God is certainly merciful,1 but he is also just.2 His justice demands that sin, committed against his supreme majesty, be punished with the supreme penalty–eternal punishment of body and soul.3

 

1Ex. 34:6-7; Ps. 103:8-9

2Ex. 34:7; Deut. 7:9-11; Ps. 5:4-6; Heb. 10:30-31

3Matt. 25:35-46

 

Part II: Deliverance

Lesson 5

Q. 12 According to God’s righteous judgment we deserve punishment both in this world and forever after: how then can we escape this punishment and return to God’s favor?

A.  God requires that his justice be satisfied.1 Therefore the claims of his justice must be paid in full, either by ourselves or another.2

 

1Ex. 23:7; Rom. 2:1-11

2Isa. 53:11; Rom. 8:3-4

 

Q. 13 Can we pay this debt ourselves?

A.  Certainly not. Actually, we increase our guilt every day.1

 

1Matt. 6:12; Rom. 2:4-5

 

Q. 14 Can another creature–any at all–pay this debt for us?

A.  No. To begin with, God will not punish another creature for what a human is guilty of.1 Besides, no mere creature can bear the weight of God’s eternal anger against sin and release others from it.2

 

1Ezek. 18:4, 20; Heb. 2:14-18

2Ps. 49:7-9; 130:3

 

Q. 15 What kind of mediator and deliverer should we look for then?

A.  One who is truly human1 and truly righteous,2 yet more powerful than all creatures, that is, one who is also true God.3

 

1Rom. 1:3; 1 Cor. 15:21; Heb. 2:17

2Isa. 53:9; 2 Cor. 5:21; Heb. 7:26

3Isa. 7:14; 9:6; Jer. 23:6; John 1:1

Lesson 6

Q. 16 Why must he be truly human and truly righteous?

A.  God’s justice demands that human nature, which has sinned, must pay for its sin;1 but a sinner could never pay for others.2

 

1Rom. 5:12, 15; 1 Cor. 15:21; Heb. 2:14-16

2Heb. 7:26-27; 1 Pet. 3:18

 

Q. 17 Why must he also be true God?

A.  So that, by the power of his divinity, he might bear the weight of God’s anger in his humanity and earn for us and restore to us righteousness and life.1

 

1Isa. 53; John 3:16; 2 Cor. 5:21

 

Q. 18 And who is this mediator–true God and at the same time truly human and truly righteous?

A.  Our Lord Jesus Christ,1 who was given us to set us completely free and to make us right with God.2

 

1Matt. 1:21-23; Luke 2:11; 1 Tim. 2:5

21 Cor. 1:30

 

Q. 19 How do you come to know this?

A.  The holy gospel tells me. God himself began to reveal the gospel already in Paradise;1 later, he proclaimed it by the holy patriarchs2 and prophets,3 and portrayed it by the sacrifices and other ceremonies of the law;4 finally, he fulfilled it through his own dear Son.5

 

1Gen. 3:15

2Gen. 22:18; 49:10

3Isa. 53; Jer. 23:5-6; Mic. 7:18-20; Acts 10:43; Heb. 1:1-2

4Lev. 1-7; John 5:46; Heb. 10:1-10

5Rom. 10:4; Gal. 4:4-5; Col. 2:17

Lesson 7

Q. 20 Are all saved through Christ just as all were lost through Adam?

A.  No. Only those are saved who by true faith are grafted into Christ and accept all his blessings.1

 

1Matt. 7:14; John 3:16, 18, 36; Rom. 11:16-21

 

Q. 21 What is true faith?

A.  True faith is not only a knowledge and conviction that everything God reveals in his Word is true;1 it is also a deep-rooted assurance,2 created in me by the Holy Spirit3 through the gospel,4 that, out of sheer grace earned for us by Christ,5 not only others, but I too,6 have had my sins forgiven, have been made forever right with God, and have been granted salvation.7

 

1John 17:3, 17; Heb. 11:1-3; James 2:19

2Rom. 4:18-21; 5:1; 10:10; Heb. 4:14-16

3Matt. 16:15-17; John 3:5; Acts 16:14

4Rom. 1:16; 10:17; 1 Cor. 1:21

5Rom. 3:21-26; Gal. 2:16; Eph. 2:8-10

6Gal. 2:20

7Rom. 1:17; Heb. 10:10

 

Q. 22 What then must a Christian believe?

A.  Everything God promises us in the gospel.1 That gospel is summarized for us in the articles of our Christian faith–a creed beyond doubt, and confessed throughout the world.

 

1Matt. 28:18-20; John 20:30-31

 

Q. 23 What are these articles?

A.  I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth. I believe in Jesus Christ, his only Son, our Lord, who was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary. He suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, died, and was buried; he descended to hell. The third day he rose again from the dead. He ascended to heaven and is seated at the right hand of God the Father almighty. From there he will come to judge the living and the dead. I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy catholic church, the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins, the resurrection of the body, and the life everlasting. Amen.

 

Lesson 8

Q. 24 How are these articles divided?

A.  Into three parts: God the Father and our creation; God the Son and our deliverance; God the Holy Spirit and our sanctification.

 

Q. 25 Since there is but one God,1 why do you speak of three: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit?

A.  Because that is how God has revealed himself in his Word:2 these three distinct persons are one, true, eternal God.

 

1Deut. 6:4; 1 Cor. 8:4, 6

2Matt. 3:16-17; 28:18-19; Luke 4:18 (Isa. 61:1); John 14:26; 15:26; 2 Cor. 13:14; Gal. 4:6; Tit. 3:5-6

 

 

 

God the Father

Lesson 9

Q. 26 What do you believe when you say, “I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth”?

A.  That the eternal Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who out of nothing created heaven and earth and everything in them,1 who still upholds and rules them by his eternal counsel and providence,2 is my God and Father because of Christ his Son.3  I trust him so much that I do not doubt he will provide whatever I need for body and soul,4 and he will turn to my good whatever adversity he sends me in this sad world.5  He is able to do this because he is almighty God;6 he desires to do this because he is a faithful Father.7

 

1Gen. 1 & 2; Ex. 20:11; Ps. 33:6; Isa. 44:24; Acts 4:24; 14:15

2Ps. 104; Matt. 6:30; 10:29; Eph. 1:11

3John 1:12-13; Rom. 8:15-16; Gal. 4:4-7; Eph. 1:5

4Ps. 55:22; Matt. 6:25-26; Luke 12:22-31

5Rom. 8:28

6Gen. 18:14; Rom. 8:31-39

7Matt. 7:9-11

 

 

 

Lesson 10

Q. 27 What do you understand by the providence of God?

A.  Providence is the almighty and ever present power of God1 by which he upholds, as with his hand, heaven and earth and all creatures,2 and so rules them that leaf and blade, rain and drought, fruitful and lean years, food and drink, health and sickness, prosperity and poverty—3 all things, in fact, come to us not by chance4 but from his fatherly hand.5

 

1Jer. 23:23-24; Acts 17:24-28

2Heb. 1:3

3Jer. 5:24; Acts 14:15-17; John 9:3; Prov. 22:2

4Prov. 16:33

5Matt. 10:29

 

Q. 28 How does the knowledge of God’s creation and providence help us?

A.  We can be patient when things go against us,1 thankful when things go well,2 and for the future we can have good confidence in our faithful God and Father that nothing will separate us from his love.3  All creatures are so completely in his hand that without his will they can neither move nor be moved.4

 

1Job 1:21-22; James 1:3

2Deut. 8:10; 1 Thess. 5:18

3Ps. 55:22; Rom. 5:3-5; 8:38-39

4Job 1:12; 2:6; Prov. 21:1; Acts 17:24-28

 

 

 

God the Son

Lesson 11

Q. 29 Why is the Son of God called “Jesus,” meaning “savior”?

A.  Because he saves us from our sins.1 Salvation cannot be found in anyone else; it is futile to look for any salvation elsewhere.2

 

1Matt. 1:21; Heb. 7:25

2Isa. 43:11; John 15:5; Acts 4:11-12; 1 Tim. 2:5

 

Q. 30 Do those who look for their salvation and security in saints, in  themselves, or elsewhere really believe in the only savior Jesus?

A.  No. Although they boast of being his, by their deeds they deny the only savior and deliverer, Jesus.1  Either Jesus is not a perfect savior, or those who in true faith accept this savior have in him all they need for their salvation.2

 

11 Cor. 1:12-13; Gal. 5:4

2Col. 1:19-20; 2:10; 1 John 1:7

Lesson 12

Q. 31 Why is he called “Christ,” meaning “anointed”?

A.  Because he has been ordained by God the Father and has been anointed with the Holy Spirit1 to be our chief prophet and teacher2 who perfectly reveals to us the secret counsel and will of God for our deliverance;3 our only high priest4 who has set us free by the one sacrifice of his body,5 and who continually pleads our cause with the Father;6 and our eternal king7 who governs us by his Word and Spirit, and who guards us and keeps us in the freedom he has won for us.8

 

1Luke 3:21-22; 4:14-19 (Isa. 61:1); Heb. 1:9 (Ps. 45:7)

2Acts 3:22 (Deut. 18:15)

3John 1:18; 15:15

4Heb. 7:17 (Ps. 110:4)

5Heb. 9:12; 10:11-14

6Rom. 8:34; Heb. 9:24

7Matt. 21:5 (Zech. 9:9)

8Matt. 28:18-20; John 10:28; Rev. 12:10-11

 

Q. 32 But why are you called a Christian?

A.  Because by faith I am a member of Christ1 and so I share in his anointing.2 I am anointed to confess his name,3 to present myself to him as a living sacrifice of thanks,4 to strive with a good conscience against sin and the devil in this life,5 and afterward to reign with Christ over all creation for all eternity.6

 

11 Cor. 12:12-27

2Acts 2:17 (Joel 2:28); 1 John 2:27

3Matt. 10:32; Rom. 10:9-10; Heb. 13:15

4Rom. 12:1; 1 Pet. 2:5, 9

5Gal. 5:16-17; Eph. 6:11; 1 Tim. 1:18-19

6Matt. 25:34; 2 Tim. 2:12

 

Lesson 13

Q. 33 Why is he called God’s “only Son” when we also are God’s children?

A.  Because Christ alone is the eternal, natural Son of God.1 We, however, are adopted children of God–adopted by grace through Christ.2

 

1John 1:1-3, 14, 18; Heb. 1

2John 1:12; Rom. 8:14-17; Eph. 1:5-6

 

Q. 34 Why do you call him “our Lord”?

A.  Because–not with gold or silver, but with his precious blood—1 he has set us free from sin and from the tyranny of the devil,2 and has bought us, body and soul, to be his very own.3

 

11 Pet. 1:18-19

2Col. 1:13-14; Heb. 2:14-15

31 Cor. 6:20; 1 Tim. 2:5-6

 

 

 

Lesson 14

Q. 35 What does it mean that he “was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary”?

 

A.  That the eternal Son of God, who is and remains true and eternal God,1 took to himself, through the working of the Holy Spirit,2 from the flesh and blood of the virgin Mary,3 a truly human nature so that he might become David’s true descendant,4 like his brothers in every way5 except for sin.6

 

1John 1:1; 10:30-36; Acts 13:33 (Ps. 2:7); Col. 1:15-17; 1 John 5:20

2Luke 1:35

3Matt. 1:18-23; John 1:14; Gal. 4:4; Heb. 2:14

42 Sam. 7:12-16; Ps. 132:11; Matt. 1:1; Rom. 1:3

5Phil. 2:7; Heb. 2:17

6Heb. 4:15; 7:26-27

 

Q. 36 How does the holy conception and birth of Christ benefit you?

A.  He is our mediator,1 and with his innocence and perfect holiness he removes from God’s sight my sin–mine since I was conceived.2

 

11 Tim. 2:5-6; Heb. 9:13-15

2Rom. 8:3-4; 2 Cor. 5:21; Gal. 4:4-5; 1 Pet. 1:18-19

 

 

 

Lesson 15

Q. 37 What do you understand by the word “suffered”?

A.  That during his whole life on earth, but especially at the end, Christ sustained in body and soul the anger of God against the sin of the whole human race.1 This he did in order that, by his suffering as the only atoning sacrifice,2 he might set us free, body and soul, from eternal condemnation,3 and gain for us God’s grace, righteousness, and eternal life.4

 

1Isa. 53; 1 Pet. 2:24; 3:18

2Rom. 3:25; Heb. 10:14; 1 John 2:2; 4:10

3Rom. 8:1-4; Gal. 3:13

4John 3:16; Rom. 3:24-26

 

Q. 38 Why did he suffer “under Pontius Pilate” as judge?

A.  So that he, though innocent, might be condemned by a civil judge,1 and so free us from the severe judgment of God that was to fall on us.2

 

1Luke 23:13-24; John 19:4, 12-16

2Isa. 53:4-5; 2 Cor. 5:21; Gal. 3:13

 

Q. 39 Is it significant that he was “crucified” instead of dying some other way?

A.  Yes. This death convinces me that he shouldered the curse which lay on me, since death by crucifixion was accursed by God.1

 

1Gal. 3:10-13 (Deut. 21:23)

 

 

 

Lesson 16

Q. 40 Why did Christ have to go all the way to death?

A.  Because God’s justice and truth demand it:1 only the death of God’s Son could pay for our sin.2

 

1Gen. 2:17

2Rom. 8:3-4; Phil. 2:8; Heb. 2:9

 

Q. 41 Why was he “buried”?

A.  His burial testifies that he really died.1

 

1Isa. 53:9; John 19:38-42; Acts 13:29; 1 Cor. 15:3-4

 

Q. 42 Since Christ has died for us, why do we still have to die?

A.  Our death does not pay the debt of our sins.1 Rather, it puts an end to our sinning and is our entrance into eternal life.2

 

1Ps. 49:7

2John 5:24; Phil. 1:21-23; 1 Thess. 5:9-10

 

Q. 43 What further advantage do we receive from Christ’s sacrifice and death on the cross?

A.  Through Christ’s death our old selves are crucified, put to death, and buried with him,1 so that the evil desires of the flesh may no longer rule us,2 but that instead we may dedicate ourselves as an offering of gratitude to him.3

 

1Rom. 6:5-11; Col. 2:11-12

2Rom. 6:12-14

3Rom. 12:1; Eph. 5:1-2

 

Q. 44 Why does the creed add, “He descended to hell”?

A.  To assure me in times of personal crisis and temptation that Christ my Lord, by suffering unspeakable anguish, pain, and terror of soul, especially on the cross but also earlier, has delivered me from the anguish and torment of hell.1

 

1Isa. 53; Matt. 26:36-46; 27:45-46; Luke 22:44; Heb. 5:7-10

Lesson 17

Q. 45 How does Christ’s resurrection benefit us?

A.  First, by his resurrection he has overcome death, so that he might make us share in the righteousness he won for us by his death.1  Second, by his power we too are already now resurrected to a new life.2  Third, Christ’s resurrection is a guarantee of our glorious resurrection.3

 

1Rom. 4:25; 1 Cor. 15:16-20; 1 Pet. 1:3-5

2Rom. 6:5-11; Eph. 2:4-6; Col. 3:1-4

3Rom. 8:11; 1 Cor. 15:12-23; Phil. 3:20-21

 

 

 

Lesson 18

Q. 46 What do you mean by saying, “He ascended to heaven”?

A.  That Christ, while his disciples watched, was lifted up from the earth to heaven1 and will be there for our good2 until he comes again to judge the living and the dead.3

 

1Luke 24:50-51; Acts 1:9-11

2Rom. 8:34; Eph. 4:8-10; Heb. 7:23-25; 9:24

3Acts 1:11

 

Q. 47 But isn’t Christ with us until the end of the world as he promised us?1

A.  Christ is truly human and truly God. In his human nature Christ is not now on earth;2 but in his divinity, majesty, grace, and Spirit he is not absent from us for a moment.3

 

1Matt. 28:20

2Acts 1:9-11; 3:19-21

3Matt. 28:18-20; John 14:16-19

 

Q. 48 If his humanity is not present wherever his divinity is, then aren’t the two natures of Christ separated from each other?

A.  Certainly not. Since divinity is not limited and is present everywhere,1 it is evident that Christ’s divinity is surely beyond the bounds of the humanity he has taken on, but at the same time his divinity is in and remains personally united to his humanity.2

 

1Jer. 23:23-24; Acts 7:48-49 (Isa. 66:1)

2John 1:14; 3:13; Col. 2:9

 

 

Q. 49 How does Christ’s ascension to heaven benefit us?

A.  First, he pleads our cause in heaven in the presence of his Father.1 Second, we have our own flesh in heaven–a guarantee that Christ our head will take us, his members, to himself in heaven.2  Third, he sends his Spirit to us on earth as a further guarantee.3 By the Spirit’s power we make the goal of our lives, not earthly things, but the things above where Christ is, sitting at God’s right hand.4

 

1Rom. 8:34; 1 John 2:1

2John 14:2; 17:24; Eph. 2:4-6

3John 14:16; 2 Cor. 1:21-22; 5:5

4Col. 3:1-4

Lesson 19

Q. 50 Why the next words: “and is seated at the right hand of God”?

A.  Christ ascended to heaven, there to show that he is head of his church,1 and that the Father rules all things through him.2

 

1Eph. 1:20-23; Col. 1:18

2Matt. 28:18; John 5:22-23

 

Q. 51 How does this glory of Christ our head benefit us?

A.  First, through his Holy Spirit he pours out his gifts from heaven upon us his members.1  Second, by his power he defends us and keeps us safe from all enemies.2

 

1Acts 2:33; Eph. 4:7-12

2Ps. 110:1-2; John 10:27-30; Rev. 19:11-16

 

 

Q. 52 How does Christ’s return “to judge the living and the dead” comfort you?

A.  In all my distress and persecution I turn my eyes to the heavens and confidently await as judge the very One who has already stood trial in my place before God and so has removed the whole curse from me.1 All his enemies and mine he will condemn to everlasting punishment: but me and all his chosen ones he will take along with him into the joy and the glory of heaven.2

 

1Luke 21:28; Rom. 8:22-25; Phil. 3:20-21; Tit. 2:13-14

2Matt. 25:31-46; 2 Thess. 1:6-10

 

 

 

God the Holy Spirit

Lesson 20

Q. 53 What do you believe concerning “the Holy Spirit”?

A.  First, he, as well as the Father and the Son, is eternal God.1  Second, he has been given to me personally,2 so that, by true faith, he makes me share in Christ and all his blessings,3 comforts me,4 and remains with me forever.5

 

1Gen. 1:1-2; Matt. 28:19; Acts 5:3-4

21 Cor. 6:19; 2 Cor. 1:21-22; Gal. 4:6

3Gal. 3:14

4John 15:26; Acts 9:31

5John 14:16-17; 1 Pet. 4:14

 

 

 

Lesson 21

Q. 54 What do you believe concerning “the holy catholic church”?

A.  I believe that the Son of God through his Spirit and Word,1 out of the entire human race,2 from the beginning of the world to its end,3 gathers, protects, and preserves for himself a community chosen for eternal life4 and united in true faith.5  And of this community I am6 and always will be7 a living member.

 

1John 10:14-16; Acts 20:28; Rom. 10:14-17; Col. 1:18

2Gen. 26:3b-4; Rev. 5:9

3Isa. 59:21; 1 Cor. 11:26

4Matt. 16:18; John 10:28-30; Rom. 8:28-30; Eph. 1:3-14

5Acts 2:42-47; Eph. 4:1-6

61 John 3:14, 19-21

7John 10:27-28; 1 Cor. 1:4-9; 1 Pet. 1:3-5

 

Q. 55 What do you understand by “the communion of saints”?

A.  First, that believers one and all, as members of this community, share in Christ and in all his treasures and gifts.1  Second, that each member should consider it a duty to use these gifts readily and cheerfully for the service and enrichment of the other members.2

 

1Rom. 8:32; 1 Cor. 6:17; 12:4-7, 12-13; 1 John 1:3

2Rom. 12:4-8; 1 Cor. 12:20-27; 13:1-7; Phil. 2:4-8

 

Q. 56 What do you believe concerning “the forgiveness of sins”?

A.  I believe that God, because of Christ’s atonement, will never hold against me any of my sins1 nor my sinful nature which I need to struggle against all my life.2  Rather, in his grace God grants me the righteousness of Christ to free me forever from judgment.3

 

1Ps. 103:3-4, 10, 12; Mic. 7:18-19; 2 Cor. 5:18-21; 1 John 1:7; 2:2

2Rom. 7:21-25

3John 3:17-18; Rom. 8:1-2

 

 

 

Lesson 22

Q. 57 How does “the resurrection of the body” comfort you?

A.  Not only my soul will be taken immediately after this life to Christ its head,1 but even my very flesh, raised by the power of Christ, will be reunited with my soul and made like Christ’s glorious* body.2

 

1Luke 23:43; Phil. 1:21-23

21 Cor. 15:20, 42-46, 54; Phil. 3:21; 1 John 3:2

 

Q. 58 How does the article concerning “life everlasting” comfort you?

A.  Even as I already now experience in my heart the beginning of eternal joy,1 so after this life I will have perfect blessedness such as no eye has seen, no ear has heard, no human heart has ever imagined: a blessedness in which to praise God eternally.2

 

1Rom. 14:17

2John 17:3; 1 Cor. 2:9

 

 

 

Lesson 23

Q. 59 What good does it do you, however, to believe all this?

A.  In Christ I am right with God and heir to life everlasting.1

 

1John 3:36; Rom. 1:17 (Hab. 2:4); Rom. 5:1-2

 

Q. 60 How are you right with God?

A.  Only by true faith in Jesus Christ.1  Even though my conscience accuses me of having grievously sinned against all God’s commandments and of never having kept any of them,2 and even though I am still inclined toward all evil,3 nevertheless, without my deserving it at all,4 out of sheer grace,5 God grants and credits to me the perfect satisfaction, righteousness, and holiness of Christ,6 as if I had never sinned nor been a sinner, as if I had been as perfectly obedient as Christ was obedient for me.7  All I need to do is to accept this gift of God with a believing heart.8

 

1Rom. 3:21-28; Gal. 2:16; Eph. 2:8-9; Phil 3:8-11

2Rom. 3:9-10

3Rom. 7:23

4Tit. 3:4-5

5Rom. 3:24; Eph. 2:8

6Rom. 4:3-5 (Gen. 15:6); 2 Cor. 5:17-19; 1 John 2:1-2

7Rom. 4:24-25; 2 Cor. 5:21

8John 3:18; Acts 16:30-31

 

Q. 61 Why do you say that by faith alone you are right with God?

A.  It is not because of any value my faith has that God is pleased with me. Only Christ’s satisfaction, righteousness, and holiness make me right with God.1 And I can receive this righteousness and make it mine in no other way than by faith alone.2

 

11 Cor. 1:30-31

2Rom. 10:10; 1 John 5:10-12

 

 

 

Lesson 24

Q. 62 Why can’t the good we do make us right with God, or at least help make us right with him?

A.  Because the righteousness which can pass God’s scrutiny must be entirely perfect and must in every way measure up to the divine law.1 Even the very best we do in this life is imperfect and stained with sin.2

 

1Rom. 3:20; Gal. 3:10 (Deut. 27:26)

2Isa. 64:6

 

Q. 63 How can you say that the good we do doesn’t earn anything when God promises to reward it in this life and the next?1

A.  This reward is not earned; it is a gift of grace.2

 

1Matt. 5:12; Heb. 11:6

2Luke 17:10; 2 Tim. 4:7-8

 

Q. 64 But doesn’t this teaching make people indifferent and wicked?

A.  No. It is impossible for those grafted into Christ by true faith not to produce fruits of gratitude.1

 

1Luke 6:43-45; John 15:5

 

 

 

The Sacraments

Lesson 25

Q. 65 It is by faith alone that we share in Christ and all his blessings: where then does that faith come from?

A.  The Holy Spirit produces it in our hearts1 by the preaching of the holy  gospel,2 and confirms it through our use of the holy sacraments.3

 

1John 3:5; 1 Cor. 2:10-14; Eph. 2:8

2Rom. 10:17; 1 Pet. 1:23-25

3Matt. 28:19-20; 1 Cor. 10:16

 

Q. 66 What are sacraments?

A.  Sacraments are holy signs and seals for us to see. They were instituted by God so that by our use of them he might make us understand more clearly the promise of the gospel, and might put his seal on that promise.1  And this is God’s gospel promise: to forgive our sins and give us eternal life by grace alone because of Christ’s one sacrifice finished on the cross.2

 

1Gen. 17:11; Deut. 30:6; Rom. 4:11

2Matt. 26:27-28; Acts 2:38; Heb. 10:10

 

Q. 67 Are both the word and the sacraments then intended to focus our faith on the sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross as the only ground of our salvation?

A.  Right!  In the gospel the Holy Spirit teaches us and through the holy sacraments he assures us that our entire salvation rests on Christ’s one sacrifice for us on the cross.1

 

1Rom. 6:3; 1 Cor. 11:26; Gal. 3:27

 

Q. 68 How many sacraments did Christ institute in the New Testament?

A.  Two: baptism and the Lord’s Supper.1

 

1Matt. 28:19-20; 1 Cor. 11:23-26

Baptism

Lesson 26

Q. 69 What is Baptism?

A. Immersion or dipping of the Person in Water in the Name of the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, by such who are duly qualified by Christ.1

1Mat. 3.16. John 3.23. Acts 8.38, 39. Rom. 6.4.

Q. 70 Who are the proper Subjects of this Ordinance?

A. Those who do actually profess Repentance towards God, Faith in, and Obedience to our Lord Jesus Christ.1

1Acts 2.38. Acts 8.36, 37.

Q. 71 Should infants, too, be baptized?

A. No, for we have neither Precept nor Example for that Practice in all the Book of God.

Q. 72 Does the Scriptures forbid the Baptism of Infants?

A. It is sufficient that the Divine Oracles commands the baptizing of Believers, unless we will make ourselves wiser than what is written. Nadab and Abihu were not forbidden to offer strange Fire, yet for doing so they incurred God’s Wrath, because they were commanded to take Fire from the Altar.!

1Mat. 28.18, 19. Mark 16.16. Lev 9.24. 10.16.

Q. 73 May not the infant children of believers under the Gospel be baptized since  the infant descendants of Abraham were circumcised under the Law?

A. No. Abraham had a command from God to circumcise his infant descendants, but believers have no command to baptize their infant children under the Gospel.1

1Gen. 17.9, 10, 11, 12.

Q. 74 If the infant children of believers are in the Covenant of Grace with their parents, as some say, why may they not  be baptized under the Gospel, as well as Abraham’s infant descendants were circumcised under the Law?

A. By the infant children of Believers being in the Covenant of Grace, it must either be meant of the Covenant of Grace absolutely considered, and if so, then there can be no total and final falling away of any infant children of believers from the Covenant, but all must be saved.1

1Jer. 32.38, 39, 40. Joh. 10.28.

Or, 2. They must mean conditionally, on consideration that when they come to an age of maturity, they by true faith, love, and holiness of life, taking hold of God’s Covenant of Grace, shall have the privileges of it. This being their sense, I then ask what real spiritual privilege the infant children of believers have more than the infant children of unbelievers, if they live also to years of maturity, and by true faith and love take hold God’s Covenant? I further demand, whether the Seal of the Covenant does not belong as much to the children of unbelievers as to the children of believers? and more too, since some infant children of unbelievers   take hold of God’s Covenant, and some infant children of believers do not2; as this often occurs to the sorrow of many godly parents.

2 Isa. 56.3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. Acts 10.34, 35. John 3.16.

3. Suppose all the infant children of believers are absolutely in the Covenant of Grace; believers under the Gospel should not baptize their infant children any more than Lot had warrant to circumcise himself or his infant children, although he was closely related to Abraham, a believer, and in the Covenant of Grace too: since circumcision was limited to Abraham and to his family. Also by the same rule we should bring infants to the Lord’s Table, since the same qualifications are3 required for the proper administration of Baptism as for the Lord’s Supper.

3 Acts 2.41, 42.

4. We must know the covenant made with Abraham had two parts: first, a spiritual, which consisted in God’s promising to be a God to4 Abraham, and5 all his spiritual descendants in a particular manner, whether they were circumcised or uncircumcised, who believed as Abraham the Father of the Faithful did. This was signified by God’s accepting them as his people who were not descended6 from Abraham, but through Jesus Christ, the Gentiles, the uncircumcised who  believed, should have their faith counted for Righteousness, as Abraham’s was before he was circumcised.7

4Gen. 17.19, 21. Gen. 21.10. Gal. 4.30.
5Acts 2.39. Rom. 9.7, 8, &c.
6Gal. 3.16, 28, 29.
7Rom. 4.9-14.

5. This promise consisted of temporal good: so God promised Abraham’s Seed should enjoy the8 land of Canaan, and have plenty of outward blessings, and sealed this promise by circumcision. It was also a distinguishing character of the Jews being God’s people from all the Nations of the Gentiles, who were not yet the spiritual descendants of Abraham: but when the Gentiles came to believe, and by faith became the people of God as well as the Jews, then9 Circumcision, that distinguishing mark, ceased. The character of being the children of God now is faith in Christ and circumcision of the Heart. Whatever reason may be given for the Infants of Believers to be Baptized first, as their being the children of believers; or secondly, their being in the Covenant; or thirdly, that the infant descendants of Abraham a believer, were circumcised; all this you see avails nothing: for circumcision was limited to the family of Abraham and all others, though believers, were excluded. It was also limited to a particular day, the eighth day, and what ever reason might be given, it was not to be done before or after. It was limited to male and did not include female; if Baptism came in the place of circumcision, and is the seal of the Covenant under the Gospel as circumcision was under the Law, none but the males must be baptized, because none but the Males were Circumcised. But as the Law regulated circumcision, now the Gospel regulates Baptism, and it depends purely upon the will of the Law-giver, at what periods of time, upon what Persons and terms Baptism is to be administered. We will do well, then, to heed what is declared in Scripture, especially Acts 3.22.

8Gen. 15.18. Gen. 17.8, 9, 10, 11. Gen. 12.6, 7. Gen. 13.15, 16, 17. Gen. 15.16.
9John 1.12. Rom. 2.28, 29. Phil. 3.3. Gal. 3.26, 27, 28.

Lesson 27

Q. 75 How does baptism remind you and assure you that Christ’s one sacrifice on the cross is for you personally?

A.  In this way: Christ instituted this outward washing1 and with it gave the promise that, as surely as water washes away the dirt from the body, so certainly his blood and his Spirit wash away my soul’s impurity, in other words, all my sins.2

 

1Acts 2:38

2Matt. 3:11; Rom. 6:3-10; 1 Pet. 3:21

 

Q. 76 What does it mean to be washed with Christ’s blood and Spirit?

A.  To be washed with Christ’s blood means that God, by grace, has forgiven my sins because of Christ’s blood poured out for me in his sacrifice on the cross.1  To be washed with Christ’s Spirit means that the Holy Spirit has renewed me and set me apart to be a member of Christ so that more and more I become dead to sin and increasingly live a holy and blameless life.2

 

1Zech. 13:1; Eph. 1:7-8; Heb. 12:24; 1 Pet. 1:2; Rev. 1:5

2Ezek. 36:25-27; John 3:5-8; Rom. 6:4; 1 Cor. 6:11; Col. 2:11-12

 

Q. 77 Where does Christ promise that we are washed with his blood and Spirit as surely as we are washed with the water of baptism?

A.  In the institution of baptism where he says:  “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.”1  “Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.”2*  This promise is repeated when Scripture calls baptism the washing of rebirth3 and the washing away of sins.4

 

1Matt. 28:19

2Mark 16:16

3Tit. 3:5

4Acts 22:16

*Earlier and better manuscripts of Mark 16 omit the words “Whoever believes and is baptized . . . condemned.”

Lesson 28

Q. 78 Does this outward washing with water itself wash away sins?

A.  No, only Jesus Christ’s blood and the Holy Spirit cleanse us from all sins.1

 

1Matt. 3:11; 1 Pet. 3:21; 1 John 1:7

 

Q. 79 Why then does the Holy Spirit call baptism the washing of rebirth and the washing away of sins?

A.  God has good reason for these words. He wants to teach us that the blood and Spirit of Christ wash away our sins just as water washes away dirt from our bodies.1  But more important, he wants to assure us, by this divine pledge and sign, that the washing away of our sins spiritually is as real as physical washing with water.2

 

11 Cor. 6:11; Rev. 1:5; 7:14

2Acts 2:38; Rom. 6:3-4; Gal. 3:27

 

 

Of the Lord’s Supper.

Lesson 29

Q. 80 How does the Lord’s Supper remind you and assure you that you share in Christ’s one sacrifice on the cross and in all his gifts?

A.  In this way: Christ has commanded me and all believers to eat this broken bread and to drink this cup. With this command he gave this promise:1  First, as surely as I see with my eyes the bread of the Lord broken for me and the cup given to me, so surely his body was offered and broken for me and his blood poured out for me on the cross.  Second, as surely as I receive from the hand of the one who serves, and taste with my mouth the bread and cup of the Lord, given me as sure signs of Christ’s body and blood, so surely he nourishes and refreshes my soul for eternal life with his crucified body and poured-out blood.

 

1Matt. 26:26-28; Mark 14:22-24; Luke 22:19-20; 1 Cor. 11:23-25

 

Q. 81 What does it mean to eat the crucified body of Christ and to drink his poured-out blood?

A.  It means to accept with a believing heart the entire suffering and death of Christ and by believing to receive forgiveness of sins and eternal life.1  But it means more. Through the Holy Spirit, who lives both in Christ and in us, we are united more and more to Christ’s blessed body.2  And so, although he is in heaven3 and we are on earth, we are flesh of his flesh and bone of his bone.4 And we forever live on and are governed by one Spirit, as members of our body are by one soul.5

 

1John 6:35, 40, 50-54

2John 6:55-56; 1 Cor. 12:13

3Acts 1:9-11; 1 Cor. 11:26; Col. 3:1

41 Cor. 6:15-17; Eph. 5:29-30; 1 John 4:13

5John 6:56-58; 15:1-6; Eph. 4:15-16; 1 John 3:24

 

Q. 82 Where does Christ promise to nourish and refresh believers with his body and blood as surely as they eat this broken bread and drink this cup?

A.  In the institution of the Lord’s Supper:

“The Lord Jesus, on the night he was betrayed, took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and said, ‘This is my body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of me.’ In the same way, after supper he took the cup, saying, ‘This cup is the new covenant in my blood; do this, whenever you drink it, in remembrance of me.’ For whenever you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.”1

This promise is repeated by Paul in these words:

“Is not the cup of thanksgiving for which we give thanks a participation in the blood of Christ? And is not the bread that we break a participation in the body of Christ? Because there is one loaf, we, who are many, are one body, for we all partake of the one loaf.”2

11 Cor. 11:23-26

21 Cor. 10:16-17

Lesson 30

Q. 83 Are the bread and wine changed into the real body and blood of Christ?

A.  No.  Just as the water of baptism is not changed into Christ’s blood and does not itself wash away sins but is simply God’s sign and assurance,1  so too the bread of the Lord’s Supper is not changed into the actual body of Christ2  even though it is called the body of Christ3  in keeping with the nature and language of sacraments.4

 

1Eph. 5:26; Tit. 3:5

2Matt. 26:26-29

31 Cor. 10:16-17; 11:26-28

4Gen. 17:10-11; Ex. 12:11, 13; 1 Cor. 10:1-4

 

Q. 84 Why then does Christ call the bread his body and the cup his blood, or the new covenant in his blood?

(Paul uses the words,a participation in Christ’s body and blood.)

 

A.  Christ has good reason for these words. He wants to teach us that as bread and wine nourish our temporal life, so too his crucified body and poured-out blood truly nourish our souls for eternal life.1  But more important, he wants to assure us, by this visible sign and pledge, that we, through the Holy Spirit’s work, share in his true body and blood as surely as our mouths receive these holy signs in his remembrance,2 and that all of his suffering and obedience are as definitely ours as if we personally had suffered and paid for our sins.3

 

1John 6:51, 55

21 Cor. 10:16-17; 11:26

3Rom. 6:5-11

 

 

 

Lesson 31

Q. 85  How does the Lord’s Supper differ from the Roman Catholic Mass?

A.  The Lord’s Supper declares to us that our sins have been completely forgiven through the one sacrifice of Jesus Christ which he himself finished on the cross once for all.1  It also declares to us that the Holy Spirit grafts us into Christ,2  who with his very body is now in heaven at the right hand of the Father3  where he wants us to worship him.4  But the Mass teaches that the living and the dead do not have their sins forgiven through the suffering of Christ unless Christ is still offered for them daily by the priests.  It also teaches that Christ is bodily present in the form of bread and wine where Christ is therefore to be worshiped. Thus the Mass is basically nothing but a denial of the one sacrifice and suffering of Jesus Christ and a condemnable idolatry.

 

1John 19:30; Heb. 7:27; 9:12, 25-26; 10:10-18

21 Cor. 6:17; 10:16-17

3Acts 7:55-56; Heb. 1:3; 8:1

4Matt. 6:20-21; John 4:21-24; Phil. 3:20; Col. 3:1-3

 

Q. 86 Who are to come to the Lord’s table?

A.  Those who are displeased with themselves because of their sins, but who nevertheless trust that their sins are pardoned and that their continuing weakness is covered by the suffering and death of Christ, and who also desire more and more to strengthen their faith and to lead a better life.  Hypocrites and those who are unrepentant, however, eat and drink judgment on themselves.1

 

11 Cor. 10:19-22; 11:26-32

 

Q. 87 Are those to be admitted to the Lord’s Supper who show by what they say and do that they are unbelieving and ungodly?

A.  No, that would dishonor God’s covenant and bring down God’s anger upon the entire congregation.1  Therefore, according to the instruction of Christ and his apostles, the Christian church is duty-bound to exclude such people, by the official use of the keys of the kingdom, until they reform their lives.

 

11 Cor. 11:17-32; Ps. 50:14-16; Isa. 1:11-17

Q. 88 How should this Ordinance of the Lord’s Supper be closed?

A. In singing Praises to God vocally and audibly for his great Benefits and Blessings to his Church in the shedding of the most precious Blood of his Son to take away their Sin; which Blessings are pointed out in this Sacrament. Also we find our Lord and his Disciples did close this Ordinance in singing a Hymn or Psalm; and if Christ sang, who was going to die, what cause have we to sing for whom he died, that we might not eternally die, but live a spiritual and eternal life with Father, Son, and Spirit in unexpressible Glory.1

1Mat. 26.30

Lesson 32

Q. 89 What are the keys of the kingdom?

A.  The preaching of the holy gospel and Christian discipline toward repentance.  Both preaching and discipline open the kingdom of heaven to believers and close it to unbelievers.1

 

1Matt. 16:19; John 20:22-23

 

Q. 90 How does preaching the gospel open and close the kingdom of heaven?

A.  According to the command of Christ:

The kingdom of heaven is opened by proclaiming and publicly declaring to all believers, each and every one, that, as often as they accept the gospel promise in true faith, God, because of what Christ has done, truly forgives all their sins.

The kingdom of heaven is closed, however, by proclaiming and publicly declaring to unbelievers and hypocrites that, as long as they do not repent, the anger of God and eternal condemnation rest on them.

God’s judgment, both in this life and in the life to come, is based on this gospel testimony.1

 

1Matt. 16:19; John 3:31-36; 20:21-23

 

Q. 91 How is the kingdom of heaven closed and opened by Christian discipline?

A.  According to the command of Christ:

Those who, though called Christians, profess unchristian teachings or live unchristian lives, and after repeated and loving counsel refuse to abandon their errors and wickedness, and after being reported to the church, that is, to its officers, fail to respond also to their admonition–such persons the officers exclude from the Christian fellowship by withholding the sacraments from them, and God himself excludes them from the kingdom of Christ.1  Such persons, when promising and demonstrating genuine reform, are received again as members of Christ and of his church.2

 

1Matt. 18:15-20; 1 Cor. 5:3-5, 11-13; 2 Thess. 3:14-15

2Luke 15:20-24; 2 Cor. 2:6-11

Part III: Gratitude

Lesson 33

Q. 92 We have been delivered from our misery by God’s grace alone through Christ and not because we have earned it: why then must we still do good?

A.  To be sure, Christ has redeemed us by his blood. But we do good because Christ by his Spirit is also renewing us to be like himself, so that in all our living we may show that we are thankful to God for all he has done for us,1  and so that he may be praised through us.2  And we do good so that we may be assured of our faith by its fruits,3 and so that by our  godly living our neighbors may be won over to Christ.4

 

1Rom. 6:13; 12:1-2; 1 Pet. 2:5-10

2Matt. 5:16; 1 Cor. 6:19-20

3Matt. 7:17-18; Gal. 5:22-24; 2 Pet. 1:10-11

4Matt. 5:14-16; Rom. 14:17-19; 1 Pet. 2:12; 3:1-2

 

Q. 93 Can those be saved who do not turn to God from their ungrateful and impenitent ways?

A.  By no means. Scripture tells us that no unchaste person, no idolater, adulterer, thief, no covetous person, no drunkard, slanderer, robber, or the like is going to inherit the kingdom of God.1

 

11 Cor. 6:9-10; Gal. 5:19-21; Eph. 5:1-20; 1 John 3:14

 

 

 

Lesson 34

Q. 94 What is involved in genuine repentance or conversion?

A.  Two things:  the dying-away of the old self, and the coming-to-life of the new.1

 

1Rom. 6:1-11; 2 Cor. 5:17; Eph. 4:22-24; Col. 3:5-10

 

Q. 95 What is the dying-away of the old self?

A.  It is to be genuinely sorry for sin, to hate it more and more, and to run away from it.1

 

1Ps. 51:3-4, 17; Joel 2:12-13; Rom. 8:12-13; 2 Cor. 7:10

 

Q. 96 What is the coming-to-life of the new self?

A.  It is wholehearted joy in God through Christ1 and a delight to do every kind of good as God wants us to.2

 

1Ps. 51:8, 12; Isa.57:15; Rom. 5:1; 14:17

2Rom. 6:10-11; Gal. 2:20

 

Q. 97 What do we do that is good?

A.  Only that which arises out of true faith,1 conforms to God’s law,2 and is done for his glory;3 and not that which is based on what we think is right or on established human tradition.4

 

1John 15:5; Heb. 11:6

2Lev. 18:4; 1 Sam. 15:22; Eph. 2:10

31 Cor. 10:31

4Deut. 12:32; Isa. 29:13; Ezek. 20:18-19; Matt. 15:7-9

 

 

 

Lesson 35

Q. 98 What is the Law of God?

A. The Decalogue, or (i) ten Commandments.

(i) Exod. 20. Deut. 5.

 

 

Q. 99 How are these commandments divided?

A.  Into two tables. The first has four commandments, teaching us what our relation to God should be. The second has six commandments, teaching us what we owe our neighbor.1

 

1Matt. 22:37-39

Q. 100 What is the Preface to the ten Commandments?

A. I am JEHOVAH, the Lord your God, who brought you out of the Land of Egypt, out of the House of Bondage.

Q. 101 What do we learn from the Preface?

A. Three things: first he shows to whom the right of all Rule belongs, that is, to God himself for he says, “I am JEHOVAH”. Secondly, he says he is the God of his people, that through the promise of his bountifulness he might encourage them to obey him. Thirdly, he says, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, as if he should say, I am the one who made myself known to you and bestowed all those Blessings upon you; therefore you art bound to show thankfulness and obedience unto me.1

1Exod. 20.2.

Q. 102 Do these things belong to us?

A. Yes, because they figuratively include and imply all the deliverances of the Church; and further, also this was a type of our wonderful Deliverance achieved by Christ.

Q. 103 What is the first Commandment?

A. Thou shalt have no other Gods before me.

Q. 104 What does the Lord require in the first commandment?

A.  That I, not wanting to endanger my very salvation, avoid and shun all idolatry,1 magic, superstitious rites,2 and prayer to saints or to other creatures.3  That I sincerely acknowledge the only true God,4 trust him alone,5 look to him for every good thing6 humbly7 and patiently,8 love him,9 fear him,10 and honor him11 with all my heart.  In short, that I give up anything rather than go against his will in any way.12

 

11 Cor. 6:9-10; 10:5-14; 1 John 5:21

2Lev. 19:31; Deut. 18:9-12

3Matt. 4:10; Rev. 19:10; 22:8-9

4John 17:3

5Jer. 17:5, 7

6Ps. 104:27-28; James 1:17

71 Pet. 5:5-6

8Col. 1:11; Heb. 10:36

9Matt. 22:37 (Deut. 6:5)

10Prov. 9:10; 1 Pet. 1:17

11Matt. 4:10 (Deut. 6:13)

12Matt. 5:29-30; 10:37-39

Q. 105 What is idolatry?

A.  Idolatry is having or inventing something in which one trusts in place of or alongside of the only true God, who has revealed himself in his Word.1

 

11 Chron. 16:26; Gal. 4:8-9; Eph. 5:5; Phil. 3:19

 

Lesson 36

Q. 106. What is the Second Commandment?

A. Thou shalt make to thee no graven Image, nor the Likeness of any thing which is in Heaven above, or in he Earth beneath, nor in the Waters under the Earth: thou shalt not bow down to them, nor worsip them, for I the Lord thy God and a jealous God, and visit the sins of the Fathers upon the Children, unto the third and fourth Generation of them that hate me, and shew Mercy to thousands of them which love me, and keep my Commandments.

Q. 107 What is God’s will for us in the second commandment?

A.  That we in no way make any image of God1 nor worship him in any other way than he has commanded in his Word.2

 

1Deut. 4:15-19; Isa. 40:18-25; Acts 17:29; Rom. 1:22-23

2Lev. 10:1-7; 1 Sam. 15:22-23; John 4:23-24

 

Q. 108 May we then not make any image at all?

A.  God can not and may not be visibly portrayed in any way.  Although creatures may be portrayed, yet God forbids making or having such images if one’s intention is to worship them or to serve God through them.1

 

1Ex. 34:13-14, 17; 2 Kings 18:4-5

 

Q. 109 But may not images be permitted in the churches as teaching aids for the unlearned?

A.  No, we shouldn’t try to be wiser than God. He wants his people instructed by the living preaching of his Word—1 not by idols that cannot even talk.2

 

1Rom. 10:14-15, 17; 2 Tim. 3:16-17; 2 Pet. 1:19

2Jer. 10:8; Hab. 2:18-20

 

Lesson 37

Q. 110. What is the third Commandment?

A. Thou shalt not take the Name of the Lord they God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his Name in vain.

Q. 111 What is God’s will for us in the third commandment?

A.  That we neither blaspheme nor misuse the name of God by cursing,1 perjury,2 or unnecessary oaths,3  nor share in such horrible sins by being silent bystanders.4  In a word, it requires that we use the holy name of God only with reverence and awe,5  so that we may properly confess him,6  pray to him,7  and praise him in everything we do and say.8

 

1Lev. 24:10-17

2Lev. 19:12

3Matt. 5:37; James 5:12

4Lev. 5:1; Prov. 29:24

5Ps. 99:1-5; Jer. 4:2

6Matt. 10:32-33; Rom. 10:9-10

7Ps. 50:14-15; 1 Tim. 2:8

8Col. 3:17

 

Q. 112  Is blasphemy of God’s name by swearing and cursing really such serious sin that God is angry also with those who do not do all they can to help prevent it and forbid it?

A.  Yes, indeed.1  No sin is greater, no sin makes God more angry than blaspheming his name. That is why he commanded the death penalty for it.2

 

1Lev. 5:1

2Lev. 24:10-17

 

 

Lesson 38

Q. 113  But may we swear an oath in God’s name if we do it reverently?

A.  Yes, when the government demands it, or when necessity requires it, in order to maintain and promote truth and trustworthiness for God’s glory and our neighbor’s good.  Such oaths are approved in God’s Word1 and were rightly used by Old and New Testament believers.2

 

1Deut. 6:13; 10:20; Jer. 4:1-2; Heb. 6:16

2Gen. 21:24; Josh. 9:15; 1 Kings 1:29-30; Rom. 1:9; 2 Cor. 1:23

 

Q. 114  May we swear by saints or other creatures?

A.  No.  A legitimate oath means calling upon God as the one who knows my heart to witness to my truthfulness and to punish me if I swear falsely.1 No creature is worthy of such honor.2

 

1Rom. 9:1; 2 Cor. 1:23

2Matt. 5:34-37; 23:16-22; James 5:12

 

Lesson 39

Q. 115. What is the fourth Commandment?

A. Remember that thou keep holy the Sabbath Day: six Days should thou labor, and do all that thou hast to do, but the seventh Day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God, in it thou should do no manner of Work, Thou, nor thy Son, nor thy Daughter, thy Man-Servant, nor thy Maid-Servant, nor they Cattel, nor the Stranger that is within thy Gates: for in six Days the Lord made Heaven, and Earth, the Sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day, and hallowed it.

Q. 116  What is God’s will for you in the fourth commandment?

A.  First, that the gospel ministry and education for it be maintained,1 and that, especially on the festive day of rest, I regularly attend the assembly  of God’s people2  to learn what God’s Word teaches,3  to participate in the sacraments,4  to pray to God publicly,5  and to bring Christian offerings for the poor.6   Second, that every day of my life I rest from my evil ways, let the Lord work in me through his Spirit, and so begin already in this life the eternal Sabbath.7

 

1Deut. 6:4-9, 20-25; 1 Cor. 9:13-14; 2 Tim. 2:2; 3:13-17; Tit. 1:5

2Deut. 12:5-12; Ps. 40:9-10; 68:26; Acts 2:42-47; Heb. 10:23-25

3Rom. 10:14-17; 1 Cor. 14:31-32; 1 Tim. 4:13

41 Cor. 11:23-25

5Col. 3:16; 1 Tim. 2:1

6Ps. 50:14; 1 Cor. 16:2; 2 Cor. 8 & 9

7Isa. 66:23; Heb. 4:9-11

 

Lesson 40

Q. 117 What is the fifth Commandment?

A. Honour thy Father and Mother that thy days may be long in the Land which the Lord thy God giveth thee.

Q. 118  What is God’s will for you in the fifth commandment?

A.  That I honor, love, and be loyal to my father and mother and all those in authority over me; that I obey and submit to them, as is proper, when they correct and punish me;1  and also that I be patient with their failings—2 for through them God chooses to rule us.3

 

1Ex. 21:17; Prov. 1:8; 4:1; Rom. 13:1-2; Eph. 5:21-22; 6:1-9; Col. 3:18-4:1

2Prov. 20:20; 23:22; 1 Pet. 2:18

3Matt. 22:21; Rom. 13:1-8; Eph. 6:1-9; Col. 3:18-21

 

 

Lesson 41

Q. 119. What is the sixth Commandment?

A. Thou shalt do no Murder.

Q. 120  What is God’s will for you in the sixth commandment?

A.  I am not to belittle, insult, hate, or kill my neighbor–not by my thoughts, my words, my look or gesture, and certainly not by actual deeds– and I am not to be party to this in others;1  rather, I am to put away all desire for revenge.2  I am not to harm or recklessly endanger myself either.3  Prevention of murder is also why government is armed with the sword.4

 

1Gen. 9:6; Lev. 19:17-18; Matt. 5:21-22; 26:52

2Prov. 25:21-22; Matt. 18:35; Rom. 12:19; Eph. 4:26

3Matt. 4:7; 26:52; Rom. 13:11-14

4Gen. 9:6; Ex. 21:14; Rom. 13:4

 

Q. 121  Does this commandment refer only to killing?

A.  By forbidding murder God teaches us that he hates the root of murder: envy, hatred, anger, vindictiveness.1  In God’s sight all such are murder.2

 

1Prov. 14:30; Rom. 1:29; 12:19; Gal. 5:19-21; 1 John 2:9-11

21 John 3:15

 

 

Q. 122  Is it enough then that we do not kill our neighbor in any such way?

A.  No. By condemning envy, hatred, and anger God tells us to love our neighbors as ourselves,1  to be patient, peace-loving, gentle, merciful, and friendly to them,2  to protect them from harm as much as we can, and to do good even to our enemies.3

 

1Matt. 7:12; 22:39; Rom. 12:10

2Matt. 5:3-12; Luke 6:36; Rom. 12:10, 18; Gal. 6:1-2; Eph. 4:2; Col. 3:12; 1 Pet. 3:8

3Ex. 23:4-5; Matt. 5:44-45; Rom. 12:20-21 (Prov. 25:21-22)

 

Lesson 42

Q. 123 What is the seventh Commandment?

A. Thou shalt not commit Adultery.

Q. 124  What is God’s will for us in the seventh commandment?

A.  God condemns all unchastity.1  We should therefore thoroughly detest it2 and, married or single, live decent and chaste lives.3

 

1Lev. 18:30; Eph. 5:3-5

2Jude 22-23

31 Cor. 7:1-9; 1 Thess. 4:3-8; Heb. 13:4

Q. 125  Does God, in this commandment, forbid only such scandalous sins as adultery?

A.  We are temples of the Holy Spirit, body and soul, and God wants both to be kept clean and holy. That is why he forbids everything which incites unchastity,1  whether it be actions, looks, talk, thoughts, or desires.2

 

11 Cor. 15:33; Eph. 5:18

2Matt. 5:27-29; 1 Cor. 6:18-20; Eph. 5:3-4

 

 

Lesson 43

Q. 126 What is the eighth Commandment?

A. Thou shalt not steal.

Q. 127  What does God forbid in the eighth commandment?

A.  He forbids not only outright theft and robbery, punishable by law.1  But in God’s sight theft also includes cheating and swindling our neighbor by schemes made to appear legitimate,2  such as: inaccurate measurements of weight, size, or volume; fraudulent merchandising; counterfeit money; excessive interest; or any other means forbidden by God.3  In addition he forbids all greed4 and pointless squandering of his gifts.5

 

1Ex. 22:1; 1 Cor. 5:9-10; 6:9-10

2Mic. 6:9-11; Luke 3:14; James 5:1-6

3Deut. 25:13-16; Ps. 15:5; Prov. 11:1; 12:22; Ezek. 45:9-12; Luke 6:35

4Luke 12:15; Eph. 5:5

5Prov. 21:20; 23:20-21; Luke 16:10-13

 

Q. 128  What does God require of you in this commandment?

A.  That I do whatever I can for my neighbor’s good, that I treat others as I  would like them to treat me, and that I work faithfully so that I may share with those in need.1

 

1Isa. 58:5-10; Matt. 7:12; Gal. 6:9-10; Eph. 4:28

 

 

Lesson 44

Q. 129. What is the ninth Commandment?

A. Thou shalt not bear false Witness against thy Neighbour.

Q. 130  What is God’s will for you in the ninth commandment?

A.  God’s will is that I never give false testimony against anyone, twist no one’s words, not gossip or slander, nor join in condemning anyone without a hearing or without a just cause.1  Rather, in court and everywhere else, I should avoid lying and deceit of every kind; these are devices the devil himself uses, and they would call down on me God’s intense anger.2 I should love the truth, speak it candidly, and openly acknowledge it.3 And I should do what I can to guard and advance my neighbor’s good name.4

 

1Ps. 15; Prov. 19:5; Matt. 7:1; Luke 6:37; Rom. 1:28-32

2Lev. 19:11-12; Prov. 12:22; 13:5; John 8:44; Rev. 21:8

31 Cor. 13:6; Eph. 4:25

41 Pet. 3:8-9; 4:8

 

 

Lesson 45

Q. 131 What is the tenth Commandment

A. Thou shalt not covet thy Neighbours House, nor his Wife, nor his Servant, nor his Maid, nor his Ox, nor his Ass, nor any thing that is his.1

1Exo. 20.17.

Q. 132  What is God’s will for you in the tenth commandment?

A.  That not even the slightest thought or desire contrary to any one of God’s commandments should ever arise in my heart.  Rather, with all my heart I should always hate sin and take pleasure in whatever is right.1

 

1Ps. 19:7-14; 139:23-24; Rom. 7:7-8

 

Q. 133  But can those converted to God obey these commandments perfectly?

A.  No. In this life even the holiest have only a small beginning of this obedience.1  Nevertheless, with all seriousness of purpose, they do begin to live according to all, not only some, of God’s commandments.2

 

1Eccles. 7:20; Rom. 7:14-15; 1 Cor. 13:9; 1 John 1:8-10

2Ps. 1:1-2; Rom. 7:22-25; Phil. 3:12-16

 

Q. 134  No one in this life can obey the Ten Commandments perfectly: why then does God want them preached so pointedly?

A.  First, so that the longer we live the more we may come to know our sinfulness and the more eagerly look to Christ for forgiveness of sins and righteousness.1  Second, so that, while praying to God for the grace of the Holy Spirit, we may never stop striving to be renewed more and more after God’s image, until after this life we reach our goal: perfection.2

 

1Ps. 32:5; Rom. 3:19-26; 7:7, 24-25; 1 John 1:9

21 Cor. 9:24; Phil. 3:12-14; 1 John 3:1-3

 

 

Of Prayer.

Lesson 46

Q. 135  Why do Christians need to pray?

A.  Because prayer is the most important part of the thankfulness God requires of us.1  And also because God gives his grace and Holy Spirit only to those who pray continually and groan inwardly, asking God for these gifts and thanking him for them.2

 

1Ps. 50:14-15; 116:12-19; 1 Thess. 5:16-18

2Matt. 7:7-8; Luke 11:9-13

 

Q. 136  How does God want us to pray so that he will listen to us?

A.  First, we must pray from the heart to no other than the one true God, who has revealed himself in his Word, asking for everything he has commanded us to ask for.1  Second, we must acknowledge our need and misery, hiding nothing, and humble ourselves in his majestic presence.2  Third, we must rest on this unshakable foundation: even though we do not deserve it, God will surely listen to our prayer because of Christ our Lord. That is what he promised us in his Word.3

 

1Ps. 145:18-20; John 4:22-24; Rom. 8:26-27; James 1:5; 1 John 5:14-15

22 Chron. 7:14; Ps. 2:11; 34:18; 62:8; Isa. 66:2; Rev. 4

3Dan. 9:17-19; Matt. 7:8; John 14:13-14; 16:23; Rom. 10:13; James 1:6

 

Q. 137  What did God command us to pray for?

A.  Everything we need, spiritually and physically,1  as embraced in the prayer Christ our Lord himself taught us.

 

1James 1:17; Matt. 6:33

 

Q. 138  What is this prayer?

A.  Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name,
your kingdom come,
your will be done
on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us today our daily bread.
Forgive us our debts,
as we also have forgiven our debtors.
And lead us not into temptation,
but deliver us from the evil one.
For yours is the kingdom
and the power
and the glory forever.
Amen.1*

 

1Matt. 6:9-13; Luke 11:2-4

*Earlier and better manuscripts of Matthew 6 omit the words “For yours is . . . Amen.”

Q. 139. Are Christians tied to this very Form of Prayer?

A. We are not. Our Lord here delivers to his Church a brief Summary of those things which we are to ask of God, but yet Christ also expects us to ask for particular benefits. This form a set of general topics, under which all benefits may be grouped. All particulars of Prayer must agree & correspond with this general form, although we are not tied to this from. This is apparent from Jam. 1.5. where the Apostle exhorts the Saints, if any of them  lack wisdom, they should ask of God, who gives liberally to all, but these words are not found in the form of prayer particularly expressed. In addition, we have examples of prayer both in the Old and New Testament, which do not exactly follow this form although all they asked was included in this prayer.

Lesson 47

Q. 140  Why did Christ command us to call God “our Father”?

A.  At the very beginning of our prayer Christ wants to kindle in us what is basic to our prayer–the childlike awe and trust that God through Christ has become our Father.  Our fathers do not refuse us the things of this life; God our Father will even less refuse to give us what we ask in faith.1

 

1Matt. 7:9-11; Luke 11:11-13

 

Q. 141  Why the words “in heaven”?

A.  These words teach us not to think of God’s heavenly majesty as something earthly,1  and to expect everything for body and soul from his almighty power.2

 

1Jer. 23:23-24; Acts 17:24-25

2Matt. 6:25-34; Rom. 8:31-32

 

 

Lesson 48

Q. 142  What does the first request mean?

A.  “Hallowed be your name” means, Help us to really know you,1  to bless, worship, and praise you for all your works and for all that shines forth from them: your almighty power, wisdom, kindness, justice, mercy, and truth.2  And it means, Help us to direct all our living–what we think, say, and do–so that your name will never be blasphemed because of us but always honored and praised.3

 

1Jer. 9:23-24; 31:33-34; Matt. 16:17; John 17:3

2Ex. 34:5-8; Ps. 145; Jer. 32:16-20; Luke 1:46-55, 68-75; Rom. 11:33-36

3Ps. 115:1; Matt. 5:16

 

 

Lesson 49

Q. 143  What does the second request mean?

A.  “Your kingdom come” means, Rule us by your Word and Spirit in such a way that more and more we submit to you.1  Keep your church strong, and add to it.2   Destroy the devil’s work; destroy every force which revolts against you and every conspiracy against your Word.3  Do this until your kingdom is so complete and perfect that in it you are all in all.4

 

1Ps. 119:5, 105; 143:10; Matt. 6:33

2Ps. 122:6-9; Matt. 16:18; Acts 2:42-47

3Rom. 16:20; 1 John 3:8

4Rom. 8:22-23; 1 Cor. 15:28; Rev. 22:17, 20

 

 

Lesson 50

Q. 144  What does the third request mean?

A.  “Your will be done on earth as it is in heaven” means,  Help us and all people to reject our own wills and to obey your will without any back talk.  Your will alone is good.1  Help us one and all to carry out the work we are called to,2 as willingly and faithfully as the angels in heaven.3

 

1Matt. 7:21; 16:24-26; Luke 22:42; Rom. 12:1-2; Tit. 2:11-12

21 Cor. 7:17-24; Eph. 6:5-9

3Ps. 103:20-21

 

 

 

Lesson 51

Q. 145  What does the fourth request mean?

A.  “Give us today our daily bread” means, Do take care of all our physical needs1  so that we come to know that you are the only source of everything good,2  and that neither our work and worry nor your gifts can do us any good without your blessing.3   And so help us to give up our trust in creatures and to put trust in you alone.4

 

1Ps. 104:27-30; 145:15-16; Matt. 6:25-34

2Acts 14:17; 17:25; James 1:17

3Deut. 8:3; Ps. 37:16; 127:1-2; 1 Cor. 15:58

4Ps. 55:22; 62; 146; Jer. 17:5-8; Heb. 13:5-6

 

Lesson 52

Q. 146  What does the fifth request mean?

A.  “Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors” means,  Because of Christ’s blood, do not hold against us, poor sinners that we are, any of the sins we do or the evil that constantly clings to us.1  Forgive us just as we are fully determined, as evidence of your grace in us, to forgive our neighbors.2

 

1Ps. 51:1-7; 143:2; Rom. 8:1; 1 John 2:1-2

2Matt. 6:14-15; 18:21-35

 

Lesson 53

Q. 147  What does the sixth request mean?

A.  “And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one” means,  By ourselves we are too weak to hold our own even for a moment.1  And our sworn enemies–the devil,2 the world,3 and our own flesh—4 never stop attacking us.  And so, Lord, uphold us and make us strong with the strength of your Holy Spirit, so that we may not go down to defeat in this spiritual struggle,5  but may firmly resist our enemies until we finally win the complete victory.6

 

1Ps. 103:14-16; John 15:1-5

22 Cor. 11:14; Eph. 6:10-13; 1 Pet. 5:8

3John 15:18-21

4Rom. 7:23; Gal. 5:17

5Matt. 10:19-20; 26:41; Mark 13:33; Rom. 5:3-5

61 Cor. 10:13; 1 Thess. 3:13; 5:23

 

Q. 148  What does your conclusion to this prayer mean?

A.  “For yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever” means,  We have made all these requests of you because, as our all-powerful king, you not only want to, but are able to give us all that is good;1 and because your holy name, and not we ourselves, should receive all the praise, forever.2

 

1Rom. 10:11-13; 2 Pet. 2:9

2Ps. 115:1; John 14:13

 

Q. 149  What does that little word “Amen” express?

A.  “Amen” means, This is sure to be!  It is even more sure that God listens to my prayer, than that I really desire what I pray for.1

 

1Isa. 65:24; 2 Cor. 1:20; 2 Tim. 2:13

THE PHILADELPHIA BAPTIST CATECHISM

THE PHILADELPHIA BAPTIST CATECHISM

Question 1. What is it that everyone wants out of life?
Answer: Happiness
Scripture: “And whatsoever mine eyes desired I kept not from them; I withheld not my heart from any joy:” — Ecclesiastes 2:10…

Q. 2. Where is this happiness to be found?
A. In God only.
Scr. “Happy is that people whose God is the Lord.” — Psalm 144:15. See also Proverbs 16:20; Psalm 73:25; Psalm 16:11; Job 36:11

Q. 3. Why must happiness be found in God?
A. Because God created man for His own glory.
Scr. “for I have created him for My glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him.” — Isaiah 43:7 See also Revelation 4:11; Romans 11:36

Q. 4. How does this prove that happiness lies only in God?
A. Because God made man so that he can’t find happiness unless he is glorifying God.
Scr. “Whether therefore you eat or drink, or whatsoever you do, do all to the glory of God.” — 1 Corinthians 10:31
“Now therefore listen to Me, 0 ye children, for blessed are they that keep My ways.” — Proverbs 8:32
“For He satisfies the longing soul, and fills the hungry soul with goodness.” — Psalm 107:9 See also Ecclesiastes 2:26; Proverbs 19:23; Philippians 4:19

 

CHAPTER I

Q. 5. How do we know these things about God and about man?
A. Because they are revealed by God in His Word, The Bible.
Scr. “And that from a child you have known the holy scriptures, which are able to make you wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reqroof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness; that the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.” — 2 Timothy 3:15

Q. 6. Has God only revealed Himself in the Bible?
A. No, but in nature too.
Scr. “The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows His handywork.” — Psalm 19:1 See also Romans 1:19

Q. 7. Will these natural works of God give us enough knowledge for everlasting happiness?
A. No, but they are enough to leave everyone without any excuse for sin.
Scr. “For the invisible things of Him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse.” —  Romans 1:20

Q. 8. Then where can we find that knowledge of God which gives everlasting happiness?
A. In His Holy Word, The Bible.
Scr. “And that from a child you have known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.” — 2 Timothy 3:15

Q. 9. How do we know that the Bible is the Word of God?
A. God the Holy Spirit is the author of the Bible, and He tells us over 2000 times that it is the Word of God.
Scr. “For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.” — 2 Peter 1:21 See also Isaiah 7:3; 2 Samuel 23:2; Exodus 20:1; etc.

Q. 10. Is this the only way we may know that the Bible is the Word of God?
A. No. There are three more ways that we know it First, by its godly teaching; Second, by the fact it agrees in all its parts; and Third, the Spirit of God Himself witnesses to us within our hearts that the Bible is the Word of God.
Scr. “I hay, yet many things to say unto you, but you cannot bear them now. However when He, the Spirit of truth, is come, He will guide you into all truth:” – John 16:12-13 S.. Also Luke 24:44; John 5:46; 2 Timothy 3:16,17

Q. 11. Is it all right for men to choose whether or not they are to read the Bible?
A. No, but God commands everyone to read, to hear, and to understand the Bible.
Scr. “and he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them:” — Deuteronomy 17:19    See also Revelation 1:3; Matthew 24:15

Q. 12. What are the two most important things the Bible teaches us?
A. The Bible teaches us to know God, and to know man.
Scr. “But let him that glories glory in this, that he understands and knows Me,” — Jeremiah 9:24 “Lord, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days, what it is: that I may know how frail I am,” — Psalm 39:4     See also Psalm 135:5; John 6:45; I Kings 8:38

 

CHAPTER II

Q.13. What is God?
A. God is a Spirit.
Scr. “God is a Spirit,” — John 4:24

Q. 14. Are there any limits or bounds to God?
A.  No.
Scr.  “Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the Lord.” — Jeremiah 23:24 See also Psalm 139:7-12; 1 Kings 8:27

Q.  15. Is there either beginning or end to God?
A.  No.
Scr.  “I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.” — Revelation 1:8    See also Psalm 90:2; Psalm 45:6

Q. 16. Is it possible for God to change?
A. No.
Scr. “For I am the Lord, I change not.” — Ma!achi 3:6 “Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and today, and for ever.” — Hebrews 13:8     See also James 1:17

Q. 17. Does anyone know everything?
A. Yes, God knows all things.
Scr. “Thou compassest my path and my lying down, and art acquainted with all my ways. For there is not a word in my tongue, but, lo, 0 Lord, Thou knowest it altogether.” — Psalm 139:3, 4 “I am God, and there is none like Me, declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all My pleasure:” —Isaiah 46:9,10

Q. 18. Who is all powerful?
A. God is all powerful
Scr.  “I am the Almighty God,” — Genesis 17:1 “He doeth according to His will in the army of heaven, and among the inhabitants of the earth; and none can stay His hand, or say unto Him, What doest Thou?” — Daniel 4:35

Q.  19. Who is pure and holy?
A. God is pure and holy.
Scr. “Thou art of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity.” — Habakkuk 1:13    See also Exodus 15:11; Psalm 111:9; Isaiah 6:3; 1 Samuel 2:2

Q. 20. Who is the Just One?
A. God is just.
Scr. “He is the Rock, His work is perfect: for all His ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is He” — Deuteronomy 32:4     See also Psalm 89:14

Q.  21. Who only is good?
A.  God only is good.
Scr.  “And Jesus said unto him, Why do you call God; for God Me good? there is none good but One, that is, God.” —. Mark 10:18 See also Psalm 145:7-9

Q.  22. Who only is true?
A.  “And this is life eternal, that they might know Thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom Thou hast sent.” — John 17:3    See Romans 3:4; Psalm 86:15

Q.  23. Who is love?
A.  God is love.
Scr.  “He that loves not knows not is love.” — 1 John 4:8

Q.  24. Who is great in mercy.
A.  God is great in mercy.
Scr.  “Who is a God like unto Thee, that pardons iniquity, and passes by the transgression of His heritage? He retains not His anger for ever, because He delights in mercy.” — Micah 7:18    See also Psalm 136; Ephesians 2:4

Q. 25. Where does God stay?
A.  God is everywhere.
Scr.  “Can any hide himself in secret places that I shall not see him? saith the Lord. Do not I fill heaven and earth? saith the Lord.” Jeremiah 23:24     See also Acts 17:27, 28; Psalm 139:7-12

Q.  26. Are there more gods than one?
A.  There is only one God, the living and true God.
Scr.  The Lord our God is one Lord.” — Deuteronomy 6:4 “But the Lord is the true God, He is the living God, and an everlasting King:” — Jeremiah 10:10    See also Isaiah 45:21

Q. 27. Why then do we hear of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit?
A. These are three persons in the Godhead, but they are but one God.
Scr. “Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost;” — Matthew 28:19 “I and My Father are one. — John 10:30    See also 2 Corinthians 13:14; 1 Peter 1:2

Q. 28. Is not one of these three Persons the strongest and best?
A. No. They are the same in their being, and equal in their power and glory.
Scr. “One God, the Father, of whom are all things.” — 1 Corinthians 8:6 “By Him (Jesus Christ) were all things created,” — Collosians 1:16 “The Spirit of God has made me, and the breath of the Almighty has given me life.” — Job 33:4

 

CHAPTER III

Q. 29. Does the Bible tell us what these three Persons did before the world began?
A.  The Bible tells us about God’s election before the foundation of the world.
Scr. “According as He has chosen us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love:” — Ephesians 1:4

Q. 30. When did God decide to do this?
A. God decided all things at one time, whether past, present, or things to come.
Scr. “Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you.” — 1 Peter 1:20    See also Revelation 13:8; 2 Timothy 1:9; 2 Thessalonians 2:13

Q. 31. How do we know that God decided all things at one time?
A. Because God says that He never changes, and that He is perfect.
Scr. “I am the Lord, I change not.” — Malachi 3:6 “Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father who is in heaven is perfect.” — Matthew 5:48

Q. 32. How does this prove that God decided all things at one time?
A. Because God would have to change His mind if He decided one thing one time and something else another time. If He changed for the better, He would prove lie was no perfect God at all. If He changed for the worse, He no longer would be perfect.
“Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning”. — James 1:17    See also 1 Samuel 15:29; Hebrews 13:8

Q. 33. Did God then decide all things and predestinate them to come to pass according to His own purpose?
A. Yes, He ordained everything exactly as it was to be.
Scr.“Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the good pleasure of His will, — Ephesians 1:5 “being predestinated according to the purpose of Him who works all things after the counsel of His own will;” — Ephesians 1:11    See See also Isaiah 46:10

Q. 34. Did He, even before the foundation of the world, ordain some to eternal life?
A. Yes, His elect were chosen before the foundation of the world.
Scr. “Who has saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace, which wa3 given us in Christ Jesus before the world began.”    See also: Revelation 13:8; 17:8; Ephesians 1:4; Romans 8:29; Acts 13:48 “As many as were ordained to eternal life believed

Q. 34. Did God also ordain some to everlasting condemnation?
A. Yes.
Scr. “For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to his condemnation,” — Jude 4

Q. 35. Did God foresee that some would believe, and then predestinate them to eternal life?
A. No, by no means, but God has mercy on whomsoever He will.
Scr.“So then it is not of him that wills, nor of him that runs, but of God that shows Mercy, and whom He will He hardens.” — Romans 9:16,18 See also Verses 11 and 13.
Q. 36. How does anYone know that he is one of God’s elect?
A. He cannot know until he is called away from the love of sin, until he has the true faith, shows that he has the Spirit of Christ.
Scr. “Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His.” — Romans 8:9    See also 1 Thesslonians 1:3, 4; 2 Thessalonians 2:13
Q. 37. How did God bring to pass the things He had ordained?
A. By His work of creation, and by His work of providence.
Scr. “Thy faithfulness is unto all generations; Thou hast estabilished the earth, and it abides They continue this day according to Thine ordinances: for all are Thy servants.” Psalm 119:90,91    See also Genesis 1; Isaiah 43:7

 

CHAPTER IV

Q.  38. What is the work of creation?
A.  The work of cTeation is God making all things out of nothing.
Scr.  “Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.” — Hebrews 11:3    See also Romans 4:17
39. How did God do this?
A.  By the word of His power, in six days
Scr.  “And God said, Let there be tight: and there was tight.” — Genesis 1:3 “For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, has shined in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.” — 2 Corinthians 4:7     See also Genesis 1:31; Exodus 20:11
Q. 40. When did God create man?
A. Nearly 6000 years ago.
Q. 41. How did God make man?
A. God made man out of dust, after His own image.
Scr. “And the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.” – Genesis 2:7     See also Genesis 1:26
Q. 42. In what way was this man made after the image of God?
A. The iirst man was like God in knowledge, in holiness and in righteousness.
Scr. “And be renewed in the spirit of your mind; and that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.” — Ephesians 4:23,24 “But of Him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made
unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and redemption:” 1 Corinthians 1:30

Q. 43. What were the names of the first man and woman?
A. Adam and Eve.
Scr. “And Adam .:alled his wife’s name Eve”; — Genesis 3:20

 

CHAPTER V

Q. 44. How do we know that God’s creation is ruled by His providence?
A. The Bible tells us so, and all our experience tells us this also.
Scr. “The Lord has prepared His throne in the heavens; and His kingdom rules over all.” — Psalm 103:19 See also Isaiah 45:7
Q. 45. Js there anything that happens to men which could be called luck, chance or fate?
A. No
Scr. “A man’s heart devises his way: but the Lord directs his steps.” — Proverbs 16:9    See also Isaiah 45:7,13; Proverbs 16:1, 4; 21:1.
Q. 46. After man was created, could he provide for himsclf without God’s power?
A. No, men cannot live without God, because his every breath comes from God
Scr. “and the God in whose hand your breath is, and whose are all your ways, you have not glorified.” — Daniel 5:23 See also Isaiah 42:5; Hebrews 1:3; Colcssians 1:17
Q. 47. Didn’t God give man power to exist of himself’?
A. No, a man consists and is upheld by God’s power every moment.
Scr. “and upholding all things by the word of His power,” — Hebrews 1:3   See also Colossians 1:17; Acts 17:25
Q. 48. Does God provide for each of His creatures by miracles?
A. No, but God has provided means by which men and animals take care of themselves.
Scr. “And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moves upon the earth.” — Genesis 1:28
Q. 49. Does God always provide all things equal to all men?
A. No, but God provides according to the good pleasure of His own will.
Scr. “It was said unto her, The elder shall serve the younger. As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated.” — Romans 9:12, 13     See also Romans 9:16, 13, 21; John 17:9; 2 Kings 8:1
Q. 50. Did God withhold anything from Adam?
A. No, God gave Adam everything he needed.
Scr. “And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moves upon the earth. And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed.., and every tree, etc.” — Genesis 1:28,29    See also Genesis 2:18
Q. 51. Where did Adam and Eve live?
A. In a paradise called the Garden of Eden
Scr. “And the Lord God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there He put the man whom He had formed.” — Genesis 2:8
Q. 52. Were Adam and Eve permitted to eat of every tree in the garden?
A. No, He allowed them to eat of every one but one.
Scr. “And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat: But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it:” — Genesis 2:16,17
Q. 53. Why did God forbid them to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil?
A. To test whether Adam and Eve would obey Him.
Scr. “For in the day that you eat thereof you shall surely die.” — Genesis 2:17
Q. 54. What bait did the serpent use to cause them to eat the forbidden fruit?
A. He told them they would be as gods, knowing good and evil.
Scr. “For God knows that in the day you eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened; and you shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.” — Genesis 3:5

 

CHAPTER VI

Q.  55.  Then what kind of sin was this first sin?
A.  A sin of pride
Scr.  “And Adam was not deceived; but the woman being deceived, was in the transgression.” — 1 Timothy 2:14
56. What is sin?
A.  First, sin is to be ungodly, or unlike God; and secondly, sin is to do something differrent from the way God commanded it to be done.
Scr.  “In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.” — 2 Thessalonians 1:8 “Whosoever commits sin trangresses also the law; for sin is the transgression of the law.” — 1 John 3:4 See also James 4:17; Jeremiah 2:13
Q.  57. What does Adam’s sin mean to us?
A.  In Adam all men were made sinners because he was appointed to stand for us all.
Scr.  “Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:” — Romans 5:12     See also Romans 5:19; 1 Corinthians 15:22
Q.  58. How sinful are men?
A.  There is none good, no, not one.
Scr.  “They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.” — Romans 3:12     See also Matthew 15:19; Ecclesiastes 9:3; Jeremiah 17:9
Q.  59. Is there not a spark of good in every man?
A.  Every single one is dead to good, alive to evil.
Scr.  “And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.” — Genesis 6:5    See also Psalm 5:9; Jeremiah 15:9; Job 15:16
Q.  60. Are not some men and women good?
A.  No, for all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.
Scr.  “For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;” — Romans 3:23    See also Romans 3:10, 11
Q. 61. Aren’t little babies good?
A. No, for all are conceived in sin, and are born speaking lies
Scr. “Behold I was shapen in inquity, and in sin did my mother conceive me.” — Psalm 51:5 “The wicked are estranged from the womb; they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies.” — Psalm 58:3
Q. 62. Don’t some men commit worse sins than others?
A. Yes, but all men are eviL enough to commit all sins if not restrained by God.
Scr. “Surely the wrath of man shall praise Thee: the remainder of wrath shalt Thou restrain.”  Psalm 76:10    See also Psalm 19:3; Matthew 6:13
Q. 63. Do not God’s children do things that are good?
A. Yes, but only by the power of God working in them to do good.
Scr.  “For it is God which works in you both to will and to do of His good pleasure.” — Philippians 2:13    See also Romans 7:18, 2 Corinthians 3:5

 

CHAPTER VII

Q. 64. If men are such sinners, then how may any man have everlasting happiness?
A.  By believing the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
Scr.  “And this is the record, that God has given to us eternal life, and this life is in His Son.” — 1 John 5:11    See also John 5:24; 3:36; 16:3 1
Q. 65. What is the Gospel?
A. The Gospel is good news about Christ.
Scr. “Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the Gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; By which also ye are saved,” — 1 Corinthians 15:1, 2.    See also 2 Corinthians 4:4; Ephesians 3:6; 2 Thessalonians 2:14
Q. 66. Why is the news of the Gospel such good news?
A. Because it reveals that there is a Mediator between God and sinful men.
Scr. “For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;” — 1 Timothy 2:5.    See also Hebrews 9:15; 8:6

 

CHAPTER VIII

Q.  67. Why do we need a Mediator?
A.  Because all men have offended God by sin, and a pure and holy God cannot look upon sin.
Scr.  “0 mighty God, Thou hast established them for correction. Thou art of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity:” — Habakkuk 1:13 “For all have sinned and come short of the glory of God.” Romans 3:23
Q.  68. Who is this Mediator?
A.  The Mediator is the Son of God.
Scr.  “For there is one God, and one Mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus;” — 1 Timothy 2:5
Q.  69. What must the Mediator do?
A.  First, He must take away God’s anger toward the sinner
Scr. “And to wait for His Son from heaven, whom He raised from the dead, even Jesus, who delivered us from the wrath to come. — 1 Thessalonians 1:10.     See also Romans 5:9
Q. 70 How does He do this?
A. By taking the sins of His people upon Himself, and suffering the punishment due to all their sins.
Scr. “For He hath made Him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him.” — 2 Corinthians 5:21     See also Hebrews 9:15
Q. 71. What else must the Mediator do?
A. He revives in us the righteusness, holiness, and true knowledge we lost in Adam.
Scr. “But of Him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:” — 1 Corinthians 1:30 .     See also Ephesians 4:24; Colossians 3:10
Q.  72.  How can He do this?
A.  By taking man’s nature, becoming subject to the Law of God, and perfectly obeying God in thought and deed for His entire lifetime on earth.
Scr. “Wherefore in all things it behoved Him to be made like unto His brethren, that He might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of th. people:” — Hebrews 2:17 See also Romans 5:19
Q. 73. What do we gain by this perfect obedience?
A. Righteousness, because Christ intercedes with God to credit us with His perfect righteousness.
Scr. “For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.” — Romans 5:19     See also 2 Corinthians 5:21
Q. 74. How does He give us holiness?
A. By being perfect in every way, loving God with all His heart, mind, and soul.
Scr. “And being made perfect, He became the Author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey Him;” — Hebrews 5:9    See also 1 Corinthians 1:30; Hebrews 10:14
Q. 75. How does Christ give us true knowledge?
A. By making us new creatures renewed in His image, then teaching us by His Holy Spirit.
Scr. “And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of Him that created him:” — Colossians 3:10 And they all shall be taught of God. Every man therefore that has heard, and has learned of the Father, comes to Me.” — John 6:45
Q. 76. Was it necessary for Christ to die in order to redeem us?
A.  Yes, Someone must die for our sins because the wages of sin is death.
Scr.  “For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord.” — Romans 6:23    See also Mark 8:31; 1 Corinthians 15:3; John 12:50
Q. 77. Did Christ die to redeem every person that ever lived?
A. No. He redeemed only God’s elect people, all those God gave to Him to redeem.
Scr. “As Thou has given Him power Over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as Thou hast given Him.” — John 17:2    See also Matthew 20:28; John 10:15, 16; John 6:39; Ephesians 1:4
Q. 78. How do we know that every one is not redeemed?
A. Because we see that all men are not delivered from the power of sin
Scr. “But God be thanked, that you were the servants of sin, but you have obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine which delivered you. Being then made free from sin you became the servants of righteousness.” — Romans 6:17, 18     See also Colossians 1:13, Romans 8:2; Ephesians 2:5
Q. 79. Is it true that Christ died for our natural sins in order to give every one a chance to believe and be saved?
A. No. in no way. When Christ died He perfected forever those that would be saved.
Scr. “For by one offering He has perfected forever them that are sanctified.” — Hebrews 10:14 “Wherefore He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by Him, seeing He ever liveth to make intercession for them” — Hebrews 7:25
Q. 80. In what three offices does Christ the Mediator act for His people?
A. In the offices of Prophet, Priest and King.
Scr.    See John 1:18; Hebrews 7:25; Philippians 3:21
Q. 81. In what way was Christ a prophet?
A. In revealing the eternal will of God for our salvation, by giving us the Bible.
Scr. “No man has seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him”. — John 1:18   See also Matthew 11:27; John 6:45
Q. 82. In what way did Christ act as a priest?
A. In offering up Himself as a sacrifice to satisfy the justice of God, and in continuing to make intercession for His people.
Scr.  “Wherefore He is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by Him, seeing He ever Iiveth to make intercession for them” “For by one offering He has perfected for ever them that are
sanctified.” — Hebrews 7:25 and 10:14    See also Colossians 1:21, 22

Q. 83. In what way did Christ act as king?
A. In bringing His people into obedience to Him, in ruling over them, in defending them, and in conquering all of their enemies for them.
Scr. “Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto His glorious body, according to the working whereby He is able even to subdue all things unto Himself.” — Philippians 3:21 See also 1 Corinthians 15:24; John 6:33; Isaiah 9:7

 

CHAPTER IX

Q. 84. When God chose His elect, did lie make it necessary for all others to choose evil?
A. No, in no way, but every person is perfectly free to choose what he wants to do.
Scr. “God has made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions.” — Ecclesiastes 7:29    See also Deuteronomy 30:19; James 1:14; Romans 8:7-8
Q. 85. Doesnt every one really want to choose good?
A. No, only the power of the Holy Spirit can make men want to choose good.
Scr. “You have not chosen Me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you,” – John 15:16    See also Verse 19; Ephesians 1:4; Romans 3:11; 2 Corinthians 3:5; 1 Corinthians 12:3
Q. 86. Has this always been true of man?
A. No. Adam was able to choose both good and evil.
Scr. “And when the woman saw the that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasent to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.” — Genesis 3:6
Q. 87. Why did Adam choose evil instead of good?
A. Because Adam was not satisfied to choose only good, he wanted to be as God, knowing both good and evil.
Scr. “For God doth know that in the day you eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and you shall be as God, knowing good and evil”. — Genesis 3:5
Q. 88. Why aren’t all men still able to choose both good and evil?
A. Because all men fell when Adam fell, and their nature became sinful.
Scr. “Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of the flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.” — Ephesians 2:3    See also 1 Corinthians 15:22
Q. 89. Does having a sinful nature make men always choose evil?
A. Yes, because to choose good is to choose God, and sinful men do not desire God.
Scr. “For He (Christ) shall grow up before Him as a tender plant, and as a root out of dry ground: He has no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see Him, there is no beauty that we should desire Him. He is despised and relected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from Him; He was despised, and we esteemed Him not “ — Isaiah 53:2,3   See also Job 21:14; 15:16; Proverbs 21:10; Genesis 6:5
Q. 90. How can God’s children, while still sinners, choose good?
A. When God makes the sinner a new man, sin can no longer hold him in his evil ways, but God works in him both to will and to do of God’s good pleasure.
Scr. “For it is God who works in you both to will and to do of His good pleasure.” — Philippians 2:13    See also Romans 7:24, 25; 6:14; 1 Corinthians 12:6
Q. 91. When is man’s will made perfectly free from sin again?
A. Only in the state of Glory, when he shall be with the Lord Jesus, and shall be like Him.
Scr. “Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it does not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that when He shall appear we shall be like him, for we shall see Him as He is.” — 1 John 3:2    See also Colossians 3:4; Philippians 3:21

 

CHAPTER X

Q. 92. How does God call His chosen people out of sin?
A. By the Gospel
Scr. “Whereunto He called you by our Gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.” — 2 Thessalonians 2:14; 1 Corinthians 1:23, 24; Romans 10:14, 15
Q. 93. Then why does not everyone who hears the Gospel believe it?
A. Because to some the Gospel is foolishness, to others it is offensive, and it is only God’s people who receive it as the power of God unto salvation.
Scr. “For the preaching of the cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of God.”    See verses 22, 23; 1 Corinthians 2:14; Romans 1:16; 10:16
Q. 94. Does every one of God’s elect respond to the call of the Gospel?
A. Yes, at the appointed time the Holy Spirit takes away their evil hearts of unbelief and gives them a heart to know Him, working in them mightily to believe in Christ.
Scr. “A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.” — Ezekiel 36:26    See also Hebrews 3:12; Ephesians 1: 10, 19; Hebrews 8:10; 2 Thessalonians 1:8
Q. 95. Does this irresistible call come to those men who are naturally better than others?
A. No, the Holy Spirit often chooses the weak and worthless among men.
Scr. “For you see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called: But God has chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God has chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty;” — 1 Corinthians 1:26,27     See also 2 Timothy 1:9
Q. 96. Do those not elected never hear the call of the Gospel?
A. Untold millions have died without hearing the Gospel, but many have heard the call of the Gospel who were never saved.
Scr. “For unto us was the Gospel preached, as well as unto them: but th, word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.” — Hebrews 4:2    See also Romans 10:16; John 10:26; Acts 28:14; John 12:39, 40
Q. 97. What happens to those who hear the call of the Gospel and do not heed it?
A. They are hardened in their sins, God giving them up to their own lusts.
Scr. “But if the Gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious Gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.” — 2 Corinthians 4:3, 4    See also 2 Thessatonians 1:8

 

CHAPTER Xl

Q. 98. What immediately follows when we believe the Gospel?
A. Justification
Scr. “Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law — Romans 3:28 See also Romans 5:1
Q. 99. What does it mean to be justified?
A. To be justified is to be counted just, or righteous, before God.
Scr. “To declare, I say, at this time His righteousness: that He might be just, and the justifier of him who believes in Jesus.” — Romans 3:26
Q. 100. How can sinful men be counted just before God?
A. Only when he appears before God in the rigteousness of Christ
Scr. “not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith :“ — Philippians 3:9    See also Roman5 3:25; 5:17
Q. 101. Is this righteousn~55 of Christ poured into the saints so that they become Personally righteous before God?
A. No, for if they were Personally righteous they would not live by faith.
Scr. “The just shall live by faith.” — Galatians 3:11     See also Philippians 3:9; Galatians 5:5; Romans 4:5-8
Q. 102. Then how can a man ever be Clothed with the righteousne55 of Christ?
A. Christ Jesus took our nature that He might live and die for His people, and be able to present them before God clothed in His righteusness
Scr. “And again, Behold I and the children which God has given Me. Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, He also Himself likewise took part of the same; that through death He might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; and deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage. — Hebrews 2:13, 14    See also vers 17; Rornans 4:25; 1 Peter 2:24
Q. 103. How does God justify the elect by the righteousness of Christ?
A. By crediting them with the righteousnc55 of Christ’s life while Lie was on earth.
Scr.“For He has made Him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him.” — 2 Corinthians 5:21 See also Romans 4:22-25; 8:1, 2, 4; 5:21
Q. 104. When is a man actually justified?
A. Immediately when he has believed in Christ.
Scr. “I tell you, this man went down to his house justified rather than the other:” — Luke 18:14
Q. 105. What is the instrument by which we receive justification?
A. Faith
Scr.“Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law Romans 3:28
Q. 106. If a man is once justified before God, can he ever be counted unrighteous again?
A. No, because God accepts the righteousness of Christ for ever.
Scr. “Moreover whom He did predestinate, them He also called: and whom He called, them He also justified: and whom He justified, them He also glorified.” — Romans 8:30    See also verses 33, 34
Q. 107. Can a man justify his sin because he is eternally justified before God.
A. No, in no way, but he must humble himself, confess his sin, repent, and renew his faith.
Scr. “If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all urighteousness If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar, and His ward is not in us.” — 1 John 1:8-10    See also Romans 6:1, 2; Psalm 32:5

 

CHAPTER XII

Q. 108. Why is it said that God adopts those who are justified through faith?
A. Because we are not naturally the sons of God, and if we are to have the privilege of being sons, we must be adopted.
Scr. “For you have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but you have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abbe, Father. The Spirit Himself bears witness with our spirit that we are the
children of God.” — Romans 8:15, 16    See also Galatians 4:4; Ephesians 1:5; John 1:12

 

CHAPTER XIII

Q.  109.  What is sanctification?
A.  To be sanctified is to be set apart unto God.
Scr.  “Wherefore Jesus also, that He might sanctify the people with His own blood, suffered without the gate.” — Hebrews 12:12    See also Hebrews 2:11; Ephesians 5:26; John 17:17
Q.  110.  Who does this sanctifying work?
A.  The Holy Spirit
Scr.  “And such were some of you: but you are washed, but you are sanctified, but you are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spint of our God.” — 1 Corinthians 6:11    See also Hebrews 10:14; 1 Corinthians 12:3; 2 Corinthians 3:18
Q.  111. How does He sanctify the elect?
A.  By revealing to them the meaning and worth of the death of Christ, then working in them a desire to be like Him.
Scr.“Now the Lord is that Spirit: and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. But we all, with open face beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory,
even as by the Spirit of the Lord.” — 2 Corinthians 3:17, 18     See also 1 Corinthians 2:8-10; John 16:13, 14

Q.  112. In what way do they become like Christ?
A.  By living for God’s glory, by humbly obeying His word, by hating sin, and by rejoicing in God at all times.
Scr. “I have glorified Thee on the earth: I have finished the work which Thou gayest Me to do.” — John 17:4    See also verses 19,23; John 8:29; Habakkuk 1:13
Q.  113.  May a man be perfectly holy in this life?
A.  No, but there is a continual battle between the flesh and the Spirit.
Scr. “For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that you cannot do the things that you would” — Galatians 5:17 See also 1 John 1:9; Romans 7:23-25
Q. 114. Does the flesh hold the upper hand over the Spirit?
A.  No, the Spirit that dwells in us rules over the flesh.
Scr.  “For sin shall not have dominion over you:” — Romans 6:14 “But now being made free from sin, and become servants to God, you have your fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting life.” — Romans 6:23     See also Romans 8:11-14;

 

CHAPTER XIV

Q.  115.  What grace is it that overcomes the world.
A.  Faith overcomes world.
Scr.  “For whatsoever is born of God overcomes the world; and this is the victory that overcomes the world, even our faith.” — 1 John 5:4
Q.  116.  Do all kinds of faith overcome the world?
A.  No, but only saving faith overcomes the world.
Scr.  “Who is he that overcomes the world, but he that believes that Jesus is the Son of God”. — 1 John 5:5
Q.  117.  What are two other kinds of faith?
A.  Historical faith and temporary faith.
Scr.  Historical faith — “Then Simon himself believed also… And when Simon saw that through laying on of the apostles’ hands the Holy Spirit was given, he offered them money,… But Peter said unto him, Thy money perish with thee… Thou hast neither part nor lot in this matter: for thy heart is not right in the sight of God… For I perceive that you are in the gall of bitterness, and in the bond of iniquity.” — Acts 8:13, 18-23
Temporary faith — “But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that hears the word, and anon with joy receives it; yet he has not root in himself, but endures for a while:” — Matthew 13:20,21
Q.118. What is historical faith?
A. Those who believe the history about Jesus Christ being the Saviour, but who do not trust in Him to save them from their sins.
Scr. “From that time many of His disciples went back and walked no more with Him — John 6:66    See also Acts 8:13; 2 Timothy 3:10
Q.119. What is temporary faith?
A. Those who for a short time take joy in certain portions of the Word of God, believing certain promises belong to them.
Scr. “For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.” 2 Peter 2:20
Q.120. Where does temporary faith fall short of saving faith?
A. Temporary believers have not the Spirit of Christ dwelling in them.
Scr. “Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of His.” — Romans 8:9   See also Hebrews 6:4-9
Q.  121.  What is true faith?
A.  True saving faith is the work of the Holy Spirit in the elect to cause them to believe
the good news of the Gospel
Scr.  “And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to usward, who believe according to to the working of His mighty power,” — Ephesians 1:19     See also Ephesians 2:5; Philippians 1:29; 1 Corinthians 2:5; 1 Thessalonians 1:5
Q.  122.  Does true faith believe the Gospel?
A.  Yes, and all the rest of the Word of God too.
Scr. “But this I confess unto you, that after the way which they call heresy, so I worship the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the law and the prophets.” — Acts 24:14
Q.  123. What are those things which saving faith most readily receives?
A. Christ’s work of redemption, the forgiveness of sins, justification by faith, and everlasting life through Christ.
Scr. “That if you shall confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus, and shall believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you shall be saved.” — Romans 10:9    See also Acts 13:38, 39; Acts 26:18; Galatians 3:1
Q.  124. What happens when a believer’s faith is weak?
A.  Christ prays for him that his faith fail not, intercedes for him, and brings him finally to believe the truth.
Scr. “But I have prayed for you that your faith fail not: and when you are converted, strengthen your brethren.” — Luke 22:32    See also Ephesians 6:16
Q.  125. Are there any more kinds of faith mentioned in the Bible?
A. Yes, there was a faith which believed that Christ would perform miracles for it.
Scr. “and though I have all faith so that I could remove mountais and have not charity, I am nothing.” — 1 Corinthians 13:2    See also Matthews 7:22; Acts 14:9
Q.  126. Did any unbeliever have this faith?
A. Yes, Judas even worked miracles by this faith.
Scr. “And when He had called unto Him His twelve disciples, He gave then power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease.” Matthew 10:1    See verse 4
Q.  127. What other grace goes hand in hand with faith?
A. Repentance
Scr. “Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.” — Acts 20:21    See also 2 Corinthians 7:10
Q.  128. Does repentance come from man or from God?
A.  Repentance, like all other good gifts, comes only from God.
Scr. “In meekness instructing those that oppose that oppose themselves, if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth — 2 Timothy 2:25
Q.  129.  What is the first sign of true repentance?
A.  Inward and true sorrow for our sins
Scr.  “For godly sorrow works repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world works death.” — 2 Corinthians 7:10
Q.  130.  What is the second sign of true repentance?
A.  Hatred of our sins because they offend the. God we love
Scr.  “Then shall you remember your own evil ways, and your doings that were not good, and shall hate yourself in your own sight for your iniquities and for your abominations.” — Ezekiel 36:31
Q.  131.  What is the third sign of true repentance?
A.  A strong purpose to turn away from our sins
Scr.  “Repent, and turn from all your transgressions; so iniquity shall not be your ruin.” — Ezekiel 18:30    See also Isaiah 55:7
Q.  132.  What is the fourth sign of true repentance?
A.  To turn to God, to ask Him to forgive us, and to work mightily in us to please Him from that time forward.
Scr.  “I will go and return to My place until they acknowledge their offence and seek My face: in their affliction they will seek Me early.” — Hosea 5:15    See also Isaiah 55:7; Job 22:23; Joel 2:13
Q.133. Do we repent only at the time of our conversion?
A. No, but repentance continues through all our lives
Scr. “Nevertheless I have somewhat against you because you have left your first love. Remember therefore from whence you are fallen, and repent, and do the first works; or else I will come unto you quickly, and will remove your candlestick out of its place, except you repent.” — Revelation 2:4,5    See Corinthians 7:9, 10
Q.134. Can a man who truly repents ever be condemned?
A. No, never, because true repentance goes hand in hand with true saving faith.
Scr. “And if any sin, we have an advocate wth the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: and He is the propitiation for our sins:” — 1 John 2:1, 2     See Luke 22:32

 

CHAPTER XVI

Q. 135. What are good works?
A. Good works are those works which are commanded by God
Scr. “Now the God of peace.., make you perfect in every good work to do His will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in His sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever.” — Hebrews 13:20, 21 See also Micah 6:8; 2 Timothy 3:16,17 Who may do good works?  Only new creatures in Christ Jesus can do true good works.
Q. 136. Who may do good works?
A. Only new creatures in Christ Jesus can do true good works.
Scr. “For we are His workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God has before ordained that we should walk in them.” — Ephesians 2:10 See also Ephesians 4:24; Colossians 3:9, 10; Psalm 51:10; 2 Corinthians 5:17; Hebrews 11:6; Romans 8:7, 8; Romans 14:23 Why cannot others do good works?
Q. 137. Why cannot others do good works?
A. Because whatsoever is not of faith is sin
Scr. “And he that doubts is damned if he eat, because not of faith: for whatsoever is not of faith is sin.” — Romans 14:23
Q. 138. Are there not many good works done among men, works of charity and works of sympathy?
A. No work is good unless it is done for the purpose of pleasing God.
Scr. “Unto the pure all things are pure: but to them that are defiled and unbelieving, nothing is pure; but even their mind and conscience is defiled. They profess that they know God; but in works they deny Him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.” — Titus 1:15, 16 See also 1 Corinthians 10:31
Q. 139. Is it not a good work to love and to help our neighbor?
A. It is good for your neighbor if you love and help him, but it is not a good work for you unless your motive is to glorify God.
Scr. “whatsoever you do, do all to the glory of God.” — 1 Corinthians 10:31 See also Matthew 7:18; Romans 8:7, 8
Q. 140. Do the saints of God do good works by their own will and might?
A. No, but good works are worked in us by God the Holy Spirit
Scr. “Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, make you perfect in every good work to do His will, working in you that which is well-pleasing in His sight, through Jesus Christ;” — Hebrews 13:20, 21
Q. 141. Do the good works of the saints ever deserve a reward from God?
A. No, but after we have done all, we are still unprofitable servants.
Scr. “So likewise you, when you shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants: we have done that which was our duty to do.” — Luke 17:10

 

CHAPTER XVII

Q. 142. Do the children of God always endure to the end?
A. Yes
Scr.”Being confident of this very thing, that He which has begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ:” — Philippians 1:6     See also Romans 5:9, 10; Romans 9:11, 16; John 10:28, 29
Q. 143. Do they live by their good works?
A. No, just men always live by faith
Scr – “the just shall live by faith” — Romans 1:18 See also Galatians 3:11; Hebrews 10:38
Q. 144. Do the saints endure to the end because of their faith?
A. No, they live by their faith, but not because of their faith.
Scr. “Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.” — 1 Peter 1:5 See also Colossians 2:12; Ephesians 2:8

 

CHAPTER XVIII

Q. 145. Can the saints of God feel assured of their final salvation?
A. Yes, they may be sure of their calling and election if they keep God’s commandments.
Scr. “Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if you do these things, you shall never fall.” — 2 Peter 1:10 See also 1 John 2:3; Hebrews 6:17, 18; Romans 8:16, 33
Q. 146. How does the keeping of God’s commandments assure us that we already have everlasting life?
A. Because no one can keep the commandments of God except the Spirit of Christ be in him.
Scr. “Wherefore I give you to understand that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calls Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Spirit.” — 1 Corinthians 12:3    See also 1 John 3:24; Romans 8:9-13
Q. 147. Does the Spirit of Christ never permit a child of God to lose his assurance?
A. Yes, sometimes believers fall into sin which wounds their consciences and grieves the Holy Spirit.
Scr. “Cast me not away from Thy presence; and take not thy holy Spirit from me:” — Psalm 51:11    See also Luke 22:62; Ephesians 4:30; Psalm 77:7, 116:11
Q. 148. When does a sinning saint receive the Spirit’s assurance of his salvation?
A. When he repents, turning from his sins, and exercises faith toward God
Scr. “The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, 0 God, thou wilt not despise.” — Psalm 51:17    See also Isaiah 57:15-18

 

CHAPTER XIX

Q. 149. Has God always had laws which were binding on all men?
A. Yes, Adam had the law of God written in his heart.
Scr. “Which show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the meanwhile accusing or else excusing one another. — Romans 2:15    See also Genesis 1:17; Romans 5:13, 14; 10:5; Psalm 40:8
Q. 150. Has this same law ever since continued to be the rule of righteousness?
A. Yes
Scr. “Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy but to fulfil.” — Matthew 5:17    See also Romans 2:14, 15
Q. 151. When were the laws of God summarized and written down for us?
A. When God wrote the Ten Commandments on stone at Mount Sinai
Scr. “And He gave unto Moses, when He had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.” — Exodus 31:18
Q. 152. Are all men bound to obey the Ten Commandments?
A. Yes, God never changed the moral duty of men, they always were commanded do love Him supremely, and their neighbor as themselves.
Scr. “Brethren I write no new commandment unto you, but an old commandment which you had from the beginning.” — 1 John 2:7
Q. 153. Will all men be measured against the law of God at the Judgement Day?
A. Yes.
Scr. “So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty.” — James 2:12 See also Hebrews 12:23-26; John 12:48
Q. 154. Why did Jesus Christ keep the Ten Commandments?
A. Because they expressed the will of His Father.
Scr. “I delight to Thy will, 0 My God: yea, Thy law is within My heart.”- Psalm 40:8 See also Hebrews 10:7; John 6:38; Matthew 5:17
Q. 155. Do believers keep the Ten Commandments as a way of life?
A. No, but because thy are the expressed will of God.
Scr. “And whatsoever we ask, we receive of Him because we keep His commandments, and do those things that are pleasing in His sight.” — 1 John 3:22 See also 1 John 2:4, 5; 3:11 Margin
Q. 156. What is the usefulness of the Ten Commandments to believers?
A. It gives them a square and a rule by which they may judge their faithfulness to God.
Scr. “He that saith I know Him and keeps not His commandments is a liar and the truth is not in him.” — 1 John 2:4 See also Romans 7:22; James 2:8; 2 Timothy 3:16, 17
Q. 157. Is the law of God contrary to the Gospel?
A. No, but the Gospel is the answer to the condemnation of the law.
Scr. “Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.” — Romans 3:31

 

CHAPTER XX

Q. 158. How long have men had the Gospel preached to them?
A. The Gospel was revealed immediately after the fall of man.
Scr. “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her seed; it shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.” — Genesis 3:15
Q 159. How is the Gospel revealed outwardly
A. By the word of God.
Scr. “And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heithen through faith, preached before the Gospel unto Abraham, saying. In you shall all nations be blessed.” – Gallatians 3:8 See also Romans 1:17;16:25
Q. 160. Is the outward preaching of the Gospel the only power unto salvation?
A. No, but the Holy Spirit must work within man giving him a spiritual heart so that he will receive the Gospel.
Scr. “A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. And I will put My Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in My statutes, and ye shall keep My judgments, and do them.” — Ezekiel 36:26, 27 See also Psalm 110:3; Jeremiah 31:33

CHAPTER XXI

Q. 161. When Christ delivers a man from the condemnation of the Law does he make him free to do as he pleases from that time on?
A. No, but He makes him free from the guilt of sin, and the curse of the Law.
Scr.”For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death.” — Romans 8:2 “I find then a law, that, when I would do good, evil is present with me.” — Romans 7:21 “Far I know that in me (that is, in my flesh), dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not.” — Romans 7:18
Q. 162. Does Christ deliver the new man from the dominion of sin?
A. Yes
Scr. “For sin shall not have dominion over you: for you are not under the law, but under grace.” — Romans 6:14
Q. 163. Does Christ deliver us from other things also?
A. Yes, He delivers us from the fear of Satan, from despair, and from the sting of death.
Scr. “To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, etc.” — Acts 26:18 “And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to His purpose. — Romans 8:28 See also 1 Corinthians 15:55

 

CHAPTER XXII

Q. 164. May a man worship God according to his own light?
A. No, but God has strictly set down the way that He is to be worshipped.
Scr. “What thing soever I command you, observe to do it: you shall not add thereto, nor diminish from it.” — Deuteronomy 12:32 See also Proverbs 30:6; John 4:24
Q. 165. Is any sort of religious honor to be given to anyone besides God?
A. No, Only God the Father, the Son, and God the Holy Spirit are worthy of any form of worship or religious honor.
Scr. “Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan, for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.” – Matthew 4:10 See also John 6:23; Matthew 28:19; Luke 4:8
Q. 166. How is prayer to be offered to God?
A. Only in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, by the help of the Holy Spirit
Scr. “And whatsoever you shall ask in My name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son.” — John 14:13 See also Hebrews 7:25; Colossians 3:17; Hebrews 13:15
Q. 167. Are all men still supposed to keep one day of rest out of seven?
A. Yes
Scr. “There remains therefore a rest to the people of God.” — Hebrews 4:9
Q. 168. Which day is now set aside for the worship of God?
A. The first day of the week, Sunday.
Scr. “Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God has prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.” — 1 Corinthians 16:2
Q. 169. Why was the day of rest changed from Saturday unto Sunday?
A. The seventh day sabbath was to commemorate the first creation. A change was made because our present day of rest is to commemorate the new creation by Christ Jesus.
Scr. “There remains therefore a rest to the people of God. For He that is entered into His rest, He also has ceased from His own works, as God did from His.” — Hebrews 4:9, 10
Q. 170. How may men keep the Sabbath day holy unto God?
A. By turning their feet away from doing their own ways, from finding their own pleasure, from speaking their own words, and instead delighting themselves in God.
Scr. “If you turn away your foot from the sabbath, from doing your pleasure on My holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honorable; and shall honor Him, not doing your own ways, nor finding your pleasure, speaking your own words: Then shall you delight yourselves in the Lord;” — Isaiah 58:13, 14
Q. 171. What works may be performed on the Sabbath day?
A. Only those works which have to do with mercy, worship, and sustaining of life
Scr. “Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.” – Matthew 12:12 See Exodus 20:8

 

CHAPTER XXIII

Q. 172. Is it still lawful to offer vows unto God?
A. Yes.
Scr. “Offer unro God thanksgiving; and pay your vows unto the most High:” — Psalm 50:14

 

CHAPTER XXIV

Q. 173. How do the rulers of this world obtain their power?
A. God, the Supreme Ruler and King of this world, has ordained that they shall be our rulers.
Scr. “Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.” — Romans 13:1 See also 1 Timothy 2:2
Q. 174. Should the children of God give obedience to the rulers of this world?
A.  Yes, they are God’s servants for our good.
Scr. “Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers.” — Romans 13:1

 

CHAPTER XXV

Q. 175. When is marriage lawful before God?
A. When the marriage is between one man and one woman, neither having any other legal living husband or wife.
Scr. “Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.” — Genesis 2:24 See also Malachi 2:15; Matthew 19:5, 6
Q. 176. How should a man and woman look upon their marriage.
A. They should look upon themselves as one flesh, never to be parted until death.
Scr. “For the woman which has an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he lives;” — Romans 7:1 See also Genesis 2:24; Matthew 19:6
Q. 177. Is there no lawful end to a marriage?
A. Yes, besides death, marriage may be ended in cases of adultery.
Scr. “Whosoever shall put away his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, commits adultery:” — Matthew 19:9
Q. 178. In what way are believers bound in regards to marrying?
A. Believers may only marry those who are already proven to be God’s children.
Scr. “The wife is bound by the law as long as her husband lives; but if her husband be dead, she is at liberty to be married to whom she will; only in the Lord.” — 1 Corinthians 7:39

 

CHAPTER XXVI

Q. 179. What is a church?
A. A church is a body of baptized believers.
Scr. “Then they that glady received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls… And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.” — Acts 2:41, 47 See also Acts 5:14
Q. 180. Must a church have a church building?
A. No, but they need only a place to meet for worship and fellowship.
Scr. “And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart.” — Acts 2:46 See also Hebrew 10:25; 1 Corinthians 11:20
Q. 181. Do churches have any power over the
A. Yes, they are given the power to police their membership by putting out those who do not walk according to the word of God.
Scr. “Therefore put away from among yourselves that wicked person.” — 1 Corinthians 5:13
Q. 182. Who is the main officer in the church?
A. God has appointed the pastor of the church chief officer in the church. They are often called bishops or elders in the New Testament.
Scr. “If a man desire the office of a bishop, he desires a good work.” — 1 Timothy 3:1
Q. 183. What other officers of the churches are mentioned in the New Testament?
A. Only deacons.
Scr. “Likewise must the deacons be grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre;” — 1 Timothy 3:9
Q. 184. Who commissions a preacher to be a minister of Christ?
A. Only Christ Jesus Himself.
Scr. “And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord, who has enabled me, for that He counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry;” — 1 Timothy 1:12 See also 2:7; Ephesians 3:7
Q. 185. Are preachers then not to be ordained by the churches?
A. The ordination of the church is recognition that Christ has called out this man to preach the Gospel.
Scr. “ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed you: If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly.” — Titus 1:5
Q. 186. What is the chief purpose of the churches?
A. The chief business of the churches is to glorify God
Scr. “Unto Him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen.” — Ephesians 3:31
Q. 187. What is the chief duty of pastors?
A. The chief duty of pastors is to feed the members of the church.
Scr. “Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which He has purchased with His own blood.” — Acts 20:28 See also John 21:15-17

 

CHAPTER XXVII

Q. 188. Are the saints of God commanded to live together in close harmony?
A. Yes, they are bound to maintain a holy fellowship and communion in the worship of God, as well as serving their fellow saints
Scr. “And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works: Not forsaking the assembIing of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as you see the day approaching.” – Hebrews 10:24, 25 See also Hebrews 3:12, 13; Acts 12:29, 30

 

CHAPTER XXVIII

Q. 189. What is Baptism?
A. Baptism is an ordinance of Christ.
Scr. “Now I praise you, brethren, that you remember me in all things, and keep the ordinances as I delivered them to you.” — 1 Corinthians 11:2 with Matthew 28:19

 

CHAPTER XXIX

Q. 190. Why did Christ ordain baptism for believers?
A. For a sign of fellowship with Him in His death, burial, and resurrection unto newness of life.
Scr. “Buried with Him in baptism, wherein also you are risen with Him through the faith of the operation of God, who has raised Him from the dead.” — Colossians 2:12 See Also Galatians 3:27; Romans 6:2-5
Q. 191. Whomaybebaptized?
A. Those who actually profess repentance toward God, faith in Christ Jesus, and obedience to Him.
Scr. “Repent and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit… Then they that gladly received his word were baptized:” — Acts 2:38- 41
Q. 192. How are believers to be baptized?
A. They are to be baptized in the water, in the name of the Father, the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.
Scr. “And straightway coming up out of the water, He saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon Him: — Mark 1:10 See also John 3:23; Matthew 28:19
Q. 193. What is the mode of baptism?
A. Immersion, or dipping of the person wholly under water.
Scr. “And Jesus, when He was baptized, went up straightway out of the water:” — Matthew 3:16

 

CHAPTER XXX

Q. 194. What is the Lord’s Supper?
A. The Lord’s Supper is a memorial of the sacrifice of Christ.
Scr. “Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of Me. — 1 Corinthians 11:24
Q. 195. What are the benefits of the Lord’s Supper to believers?
A. They are confirmed in their faith, they are spiritually fed, they are reminded of the debt they owe unto Christ, and they are rededicated to His service and worship.
Scr. “The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?” — 1 Corinthians 10:16 See also John 6:53-57
Q. 196. What are the elements used in the Lord’s Supper?
A. Bread and wine.
Scr.”Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is My body And He took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying Drink ye all of it;” — Matthew 26:26, 27, 29 See also 1 Corinthians 11:23
Q. 197. What do the elements of bread and wine signify?
A. They signify the body and blood of Christ.
Scr. “Take, eat: this is My body,… This cup is the new testament in My blood:” — 1 Corinthians 11:24, 25
Q. 198. Who should partake of the Lord’s Supper?
A. Those who can spiritually receive and feed upon Christ crucified.
Scr. “Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.” — 1 Corinthians 11:27
Q. 199. Can ungodly persons partake of the Lord’s Supper?
A. Not lawfully, for they are unworthy of the Lord’s table, and cannot feed upon Him spiritually.
Scr. “For he that eats and drinks unworthily, eats and drinks damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord’s body.” — 1 Corinthians 11:29

 

CHAPTER XXXI

Q. 200. What happens to men when they die?
A. Their bodies return to the dust, but their souls do not die.
Scr. “Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.” — Ecclesiastes 12:7 See also Genesis 3:19; Ecclesiastes 3:20, 21
Q. 201. Where do the souls of the righteous go?
A. They go to be with Christ.
Scr. “And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto you, Today you shall be with Me in paradise.” — Luke 23:43 See also John 17:24; Luke 16:22
Q. 202. Where do the souls of the wicked go?
A. They go to the place of torment and utter darkness.
Scr. “For I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment.” — Luke 16:28
Q. 203. What happens on the Resurrection Day?
A. The righteous receive bodies like the body of Christ Jesus, and become like Him.
Scr. “It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body.” — 1 Corinthians 15:44 See also Philippians 3:21
Q. 204. What happens to the wicked on Resurrection Day?
A. The wicked are raised in their own bodies.
Scr. “And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame.” — Luke 16:24 See also Revelation 20:12-14
Q. 205. Who shall stand before Christ to be judged on Judgment Day?
A. All men, both good and bad.
Scr. “As I live, saith the Lord, every knee shalt bow to Me, and every tongue shall confess to God. So then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.” — Romans 14:11, 12
Q. 206. Who shall be the Righteous Judge?
A. Christ Jesus shall be the Judge.
Scr. “for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ.” — Romans 14:10
Q. 207. By what shall all men be judged?
A. They shall be judged by the word of God.
Scr. “He that rejects Me, and receives not My words, has one that judges him: th. Word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.” — John 12:48
Q. 208. What shall be measured against the word of God.
A. Their thoughts, their words, and their deeds.
Scr. “And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continualy.” — Genesis 6:5 See also Matthew 15:19; Matthew 12:37
Q. 209. What shall be the judgment of God upon the righteous?
A. They shall be judged as having the righteousness of Christ Jesus.
Scr. “That He might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.” — Ephesians 5:27
Q. 210. What shall they then receive?
A. They shall receive the fulness of joy which is in His presence.
Scr. “Thou wilt show me the path of life: in Thy presence is fulness of joy; at Thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore.” — Psalm 16:10
Q. 211. What shall be the judgment of the wicked?
A. They shall be cast into the Lake of Fire to be punished with everlasting destruction and eternal torment.
Scr. “The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of His indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb:” — Revelation 14:10 See also verse 11; Revelation 20:12-14
Q. 212. When shall be the day of the coming of the Lord?
A. No man knows, but all men are commanded to watch and pray, and to be forever prepared to say, Even so, Lord Jesus, come quickly
Scr. “For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so comes as a thief in the night.” — 1 Thessalonians 5:2 See also Luke 12:40, 46; Revelation 22:20

 

Does not the eye guide the hands and feet?

Philpot writes,

The Lord knows what we are, as so deeply, so awfully sunk in the Adam fall.

Adam was wise as well as upright; but with the fall both were gone as in a moment; for the same awful crash which broke to pieces his innocency wrecked and ruined his wisdom, and thus he became a fool as well as a sinner. This folly we inherit from him; for “foolishness is bound up in the heart of a child.” (Prov. 22:15) God, then, as perfectly acquainted with the folly of our mind, with our wretched ignorance and inability to find out the way of salvation, or to walk in it when found, has mercifully and graciously given to us One in the courts of bliss who shall be to us and for us far beyond all that we have lost, and has therefore made him our “wisdom.” “It hath pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell;” (Col. 1:19) and therefore a fullness of heavenly wisdom he communicates out of his fullness to his believing people. I do not like exactly to say that his wisdom is theirs by imputation, and yet there is a sense in which it may be called such.

Take for instance the figure of head and members. Is not our head, in a sense, wisdom for every member of the body?

Does it not bear the responsibility of every movement, so that all the wisdom or skill which any member possesses may be considered as being in the head?

Does not the eye guide the hands and feet?

Does not the ear hear for the whole body?

Does not the brain think and the tongue speak for every member?

Thus we see naturally that all our wisdom lies in our head, and the wisdom of our head is put to the account of all the members. So, spiritually, all our heavenly wisdom is in our covenant Head. The people of God see and feel their ignorance and folly; their inability to guide their own feet into the way of truth and peace. Their daily experience convinces them how easily they are entangled in the snares of sin and Satan; how dark their mind, how hard their heart, how carnal their frame, when the Lord does not communicate light, life, and power to their souls. To remedy then and overcome these miserable evils under which they groan and sigh, being burdened, Jesus Christ is of God made unto them wisdom; so that when the God and Father of the Lord Jesus Christ looks upon his dear Son in the courts of bliss, he views him as their representative head, and sees all the wisdom that they need stored up in his eternal fullness. Thus, as he does not impute to them their sins because of Christ’s righteousness, so he does not impute unto them their follies because of Christ’s wisdom. “Ye are wise in Christ,” says the apostle to the Corinthians (1 Cor. 4:10)–wise by your union with him. Now out of this wisdom which dwells in Christ without measure, he communicates to his people. They have none of their own. What they have is freely given to them liberally and bountifully, without stint and without upbraiding.

But it may be as well to glance at some of the effects of this wisdom as divinely communicated to the saints of God. To look unto Jesus by the eye of faith; to see him as the Son of God, “able to save to the uttermost all that come unto God by him;” and to view the treasures of love and grace which are stored up in his blood and righteousness, is also a part of this wisdom. To depart from all evil and seek all that is good; to obey the precepts as well as believe the promises; to walk tenderly, cautiously, and circumspectly in the fear of God; to read and pray and meditate; to commune with their own heart, and be ever seeking divine teaching, is a part also of this wisdom. In fact, this wisdom is indispensable for every right movement in heart, lip, and life; for every good word and work; for our conduct in the church and in the world; and for everybody becoming our holy profession. This the people of God deeply feel. Well do they know that not a single truth can they see aright except by seeing light in his light. Not a snare can they shun, or danger avoid, but by his warning voice or guiding hand; not a doctrine can they understand, not a promise believe, not a precept obey, except he who of God is made unto them wisdom, is pleased to communicate it to their heart. But, by looking to him, and receiving out of his fullness supplies of divine instruction, which he communicates to them through the word of his grace, as made life and spirit to their hearts, they are made wise unto salvation; and thus from their living and spiritual union with him, wisdom flows into their bosom out of his fullness, as in the figure of the vine, sap flows out of the stem into the branch. Thus, as he is their wisdom representatively in the courts of bliss, being their Counselor and Advocate who pleads their cause, so he is their wisdom efficiently, by the communication of this wisdom they have comes out of his fullness. And he is their wisdom also, as being the end and object of all the wisdom they possess or require, for the highest, greatest, and best of all wisdom is to know him and the power of his resurrection; to know experimentally the beauty and glory of his divine Person; the efficacy of his atoning blood and of his justifying righteousness; and, above all things, to know our happy and eternal interest in all that he is, in all that he has to the Church of God. [source]

Poor Man’s Portions or Through Baca’s Vale?

Which devotional should I buy? Poor Man’s Portions by Hawker or Through Baca’s Vale by Philpot? Thanks.

A Call To Prayer

Mid-week family time is very important to me. My wife and I use Wednesday nights, no matter how busy, to gather the children together and read God’s word and pray. In the past I have used different catechisms to give structure to our time together, other times I create small topical studies and other times we have an open format; just reading and talking about what we’ve read. We try to keep it short and simple but as our children mature in faith they need something more substantial. I woke up earlier this morning to prepare for our family time tonight and did a little reading online stumbling across a wonderful study on prayer that can be done along side our normal reading. May you find it helpful.

It’s linked below.

A Call to Prayer  (CTP)
13 lessons     CTP 1-7    CTP 8-13     answer key
Exhortation for a deeper commitment to pray (J.C. Ryle, 1875).

True Heart-Work

John Warburton, “If there be a sinner, who has just got his eyes opened to see his lost and ruined state, who feels that he cannot pray, nor knows how to utter a word before the great Jehovah who is so infinite in holiness and justice, while he is such a vile and polluted sinner who is so infinite in wisdom, while he is such an ignorant fool if, dear soul, you have not many words to utter, can you from the bottom of your heart say, “God be merciful to me a sinner?” That is the best prayer for you and me. God will not despise it; “He will regard the prayer of the destitute.” (Ps. 102:17) And He says, in the words of the text, for your comfort and encouragement, “thou shalt see now whether my word shall come to pass unto thee or not.” Blessings on His name, you shall find Him to be a God, “merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and plenteous in mercy.” In His own time, He will enrich your soul with a sweet and blessed enjoyment of His undertaking.

I believe the greatest number of God’s children are cast down in their minds, and grievously perplexed at times respecting the reality of their repentance and faith, and the genuineness of their religion before God. One reason why I draw this inference is because there are many “fear nots” in the word of God; they come from God’s mouth, and are not spoken at an uncertainty. There are some professors to whom the “fear nots” in God’s word have no manner of use; for they never feel the bonds and fetters that the Lord’s people do; neither do they appear to have any afflictions or bitters in their cup; consequently, as they have nothing to try and cast them down, so they need not these encouraging “fear nots” from God’s blessed word.

There may be some here tonight, who are questioning whether the Lord has ever picked them up, and began the good work of grace in their souls, or whether their religion is only of the flesh, through the workings of natural conscience; so that they are full of anxiety to know whether they belong to the Lord’s quickened family. I never find empty professors of religion, those great and high-flown six feet gentlemen who are full of their own wisdom and fleshly confidence, ever in anxiety to know whether the good work of grace was ever begun in their hearts. But, wherever the good seed of the word is sown, it is always in the heart that has been ploughed and harrowed. When the good seed is dropped into good ground, then there is honesty in that soul, and it is honest before God; so that he cannot come and grasp the promises as he please; he is not able to take hold of this and that passage and claim it as a child’s portion. No, no; the poor soul wants God to claim him as His child and His portion; and he will come begging and crying to the Lord to give him some testimony of His favour, and speak home some promise with power, to satisfy the desires of his soul. There is true heart-work going on in such a sinner as this. He will say, ‘Lord, give me a token to satisfy me I am not a hypocrite; give me to feel that Thou art mine, and I am Thine!” What, be a hypocrite, and yet have the good work of grace in the soul! Depend upon it, no hypocrite can ever come here! If you search all through the word of God you will not find any but the living family who come into this spot. Never, never.” [source]

Christ’s active obedience to the Law

From the pen of John Gill,

Let it be further observed, that Christ’s active obedience to the law for us, and in our room and stead, does not exempt us from personal obedience to it, any more than his sufferings and death exempt us from a corporal death, or suffering for his sake. It is true, indeed, we do not suffer and die in the sense he did, to satisfy justice, and atone for sin; so neither do we yield obedience to the law, in order to obtain eternal life by it. By Christ’s obedience for us, we are exempted from obedience to the law in this sense, but not from obedience to it, as a rule of walk and conversation, by which we may glorify God, and express our thankfulness to him, for his abundant mercies. Well then, it is what is commonly called Christ’s active and passive obedience, together with the holiness of his nature, from whence all his obedience flows, which is the matter of our justification before God. Many things might be said in commendation of this glorious righteousness of the Mediator. The nature and excellency of it may be collected from the several names, or appellations, by which it is called in scripture.

1. It is called the righteousness of God; (Rom. 1:17 and 3:22) and that not only because it stands opposed to the righteousness of man, but because it was wrought out by one that is God, as well as man; and is greatly approved and graciously accepted of by God, and by him freely imputed to all his people, who are justified from all things by it in his sight.

2. It is called, the righteousness of one; (Rom. 5:18) that is, of one of the Persons of the Trinity; it is not the righteousness of the Father, nor of the Spirit, but of the Son, who though he is a partaker of two natures, yet is but one Person; it is the righteousness of one, who is a common head to all his seed, as Adam was to his. It may, indeed, be called the righteousness of many, even of all the saints, because it is imputed to them, and they all have an equal right to it; but yet the Author is but one; and therefore we are not justified, partly by our own righteousness, and partly by Christ’s; for then we should be justified by the righteousness of two, and not of one only.

3. It is called, the righteousness of the law; (Rom. 8:4) for though righteousness does not come by our obedience to the law, yet it does by Christ’s obedience to it; though, by the deeds of the law, as performed by man, no flesh living can be justified, yet, by the deeds of the law, as performed by Christ, all the elect are justified. Christ’s righteousness may be truly called a legal righteousness; it is what the law requires and demands, and is every way commensurate to it; it is a complete conformity to all its precepts; by it the law is magnified and made honourable. It is true, indeed, it makes no discovery of it, for it is manifested without the law, though witnessed to both by law and prophets; it is the gospel that is the ministration of it; for therein it is revealed from faith to faith.

4. It is called, the righteousness of faith; (Rom. 4:13) not that faith is our righteousness, either in whole, or in part; it is not the matter of our justification, as has been before observed; it has no manner of causal influence on it, nor is it imputed to us for it; but Christ’s righteousness is called so, because faith receives it, puts it on, rejoices in it, and boasts of it.

5. It is called, the gift of righteousness, (Rom. 5:15-17) and a free gift, and a gift by grace; because it is freely wrought out by Christ, and freely imputed by God the Father, and faith is freely given to lay hold on it, and embrace it.

6. It is called, the best robe, or, as in the Greek text, the first robe; (Luke 15:22) for though Adam’s robe of righteousness, in innocence, was first in wear, this was first provided in the covenant of grace; this was first in designation, though that was first in use: and it may well he called the best robe, because it is a better robe than ever sinful fallen man had; his being imperfect, and polluted, and insufficient to justify him before God, or screen him from divine justice, or secure him from divine wrath; yea, it is a better robe than ever Adam had in Eden, or the angels have in heaven for the righteousness of either of these, is but the righteousness of a creature, whereas this is the righteousness of God besides, the righteousness of Adam was a righteousness that might be lost, and which was actually lost; for God made man upright, and he sought out many inventions, whereby he lost his righteousness; so that now there is none of Adam’s posterity righteous in and of themselves; no, not one; and as for the righteousness of the angels, it is plain, it was a losable righteousness, for many of them left their first estate, and lost their righteousness; and the true reason why the others stand in theirs is, because of confirming grace from Christ; but Christ’s righteousness is an everlasting one, and cannot, nor will it, ever be lost.

It is a righteousness which justice can find no fault with, but is entirely satisfied with; it justifies from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses; it secures from all wrath and condemnation, and silences all accusations; for who shall lay any thing to the charge of God’s elect? it is God that justifieth: It will answer for us in a time to come, and give us an admittance into God’s kingdom and glory; when such that have no better righteousness than what the Scribes and Pharisees had, shall not enter there; and all that are without this wedding garment, shall be shut out., and cast into outer darkness, where is weeping, wailing, and gnashing of teeth. [source]

The Semi-Pelagian Narrower Catechism


(Taken from here. I know nothing of the source, but found this quite funny.)

1. Q: What is the chief end of each individual Christian?
A: Each individual Christian’s chief end is to get saved. This is the first and great commandment.

2. Q: And what is the second great commandment?
A: The second, which is like unto it, is to get as many others saved as he can.

3. Q: What one work is required of thee for thy salvation?
A: It is required of me for my salvation that I make a Decision for Christ, which meaneth to accept Him into my heart to be my personal lord and saviour

4. Q: At what time must thou perform this work?
A: I must perform this work at such time as I have reached the Age of Accountability.

5. Q: At what time wilt thou have reached this Age?
A: That is a trick question. In order to determine this time, my mind must needs be sharper than any two-edged sword, able to pierce even to the division of bone and marrow; for, alas, the Age of Accountability is different for each individual, and is thus unknowable.

6. Q: By what means is a Decision for Christ made?
A: A Decision for Christ is made, not according to His own purpose and grace which was given to me in Christ Jesus before the world began, but according to the exercise of my own Free Will in saying the Sinner’s Prayer in my own words.

7. Q: If it be true then that man is responsible for this Decision, how then can God be sovereign?
A: He cannot be. God sovereignly chose not to be sovereign, and is therefore dependent upon me to come to Him for salvation. He standeth outside the door of my heart, forlornly knocking, until such time as I Decide to let Him in.

8. Q: How then can we make such a Decision, seeing that the Scripture saith, we are dead in our trespasses and sins?
A: By this the Scripture meaneth, not that we are dead, but only that we are sick or injured in them.

9. Q: What is the assurance of thy salvation?
A: The assurance of thy salvation is, that I know the date on which I prayed the Sinner’s Prayer, and have duly written this date on an official Decision card.

10. Q: What is thy story? What is thy song?
A: Praising my Savior all the day long.

11. Q: You ask me how I know he lives?
A: He lives within my heart.

12. Q: And what else hast thou got in thine heart?
A: I’ve got the joy, joy, joy, joy down in my heart.

13. Q: Where??
A: Down in my heart!

14. Q: Where???
A: Down in my heart!!

15. Q: What witness aid hath been given us as a technique by which we may win souls?
A: The tract known commonly as the Four Spiritual Laws, is the chief aid whereby we may win souls.

16. Q: What doth this tract principally teach?
A: The Four Spiritual Laws principally teach, that God’s entire plan for history and the universe centereth on me, and that I am powerful enough to thwart His divine purpose if I refuse to let Him pursue His Wonderful Plan for my life.

17. Q: What supplementary technique is given by which we may win souls?
A: The technique of giving our own Personal Testimony, in the which we must always be ready to give an answer concerning the years we spent in vanity and pride, and the wretched vices in which we wallowed all our lives until the day we got saved.

18. Q: I’m so happy, what’s the reason why?
A: Jesus took my burden all away!

19. Q: What are the means given whereby we may large crowds of souls in a spectacular manner?
A: Such a spectacle is accomplished by means of well-publicized Crusades and Revivals which (in order that none may be loath to attend) are best conducted anywhere else but in a Church.

20. Q: Am I a soldier of the Cross?
A: I am a soldier of the Cross if I join Campus Crusade, Boys’ Brigade, the Salvation Army, or the Wheaton Crusaders; of if I put on the helmet of Dispensationalism, the breastplate of Pietism, the shield of Tribulationism, and the sword of Zionism, having my feet shod with the gospel of Arminianism.

21. Q: Who is your boss?
A: My boss is a Jewish carpenter.

22. Q: Hath God predestined vessels of wrath to Hell?
A: God hath never performed such an omnipotent act, for any such thing would not reflect His primary attribute, which is Niceness.

23. Q: What is sanctification?
A: Sanctification is the work of my free Will, whereby I am renewed by having my Daily Quiet Time.

24. Q: What rule hath God for our direction in prayer?
A: The rule that we must bow our hands, close our heads, and fold our eyes.

25. Q: What doth the Lord’s Prayer teach us?
A: The Lord’s Prayer teacheth us that we must never memorize a prayer, or use one that hath been written down.

26. Q: What’s the book for thee?
A: The B-I-B-L-E.

27. Q: Which are among the first books which a Christian should read to his soul’s health?
A: Among the first books which a Christian should read are the books of Daniel and Revelation, and The Late Great Planet Earth.

28. Q: Who is on the Lord’s side?
A: He who doth support whatsoever is done by the nation of Israel, and who doth renounce the world, the flesh, and the Catholic Church.

29. Q: What are the seven deadly sins?
A: The seven deadly sins are smoking, drinking, dancing, card-playing, movie-going, baptizing babies, and having any creed but Christ.

30. Q: What is a sacrament?
A: A sacrament is an insidious invention devised by the Catholic Church whereby men are drawn into idolatry.

31. Q: What is the Lord’s Supper?
A: The Lord’s Supper is a dispensing of saltines and grape juice, in the which we remember Christ’s command to pretend that they are His body and
blood.

32. Q: What is baptism?
A: Baptism is the act whereby, by the performance of something that seems quite silly in front of everyone, I prove that I really, really mean it.

33. Q: What is the Church?
A: The Church is the tiny minority of individuals living at this time who have Jesus in their hearts, and who come together once a week for a sermon, fellowship and donuts.

34. Q: What is the office of the keys?
A: The office of the keys is that office held by the custodian.

35. Q: What meaneth “The Priesthood Of All Believers”?
A: The Priesthood Of All Believers meaneth that there exists no authority in the Church, as that falsely thought to be held by elders, presbyters, deacons, and bishops, but that each individual Christian acts as his own authority in all matters pertaining to the faith.

36. Q: Who is the Holy Spirit?
A: The Holy Spirit is a gentleman Who would never barge in.

37. Q: How long hath the Holy Spirit been at work?
A: The Holy Spirit hath been at work for more than a century: expressly, since the nineteenth-century Revitalization brought about by traveling Evangelists carrying tents across America.

38. Q: When will be the “Last Days” of which the Bible speaketh?
A: The “Last Days” are these days in which we are now living, in which the Antichrist, the Beast, and the Thief in the Night shall most certainly appear.

39. Q: What is the name of the event by which Christians will escape these dreadful entities?
A: The event commonly known as the Rapture, in the which it is our Blessed Hope that all cars driven by Christians will suddenly have no drivers.

40. Q: When is Jesus coming again?
A: Maybe morning, maybe noon, maybe evening, and maybe soon.

41. Q: When the roll, roll, roll, is called up yonder, where will you be?
A: There.

42. Q: Hallelu, hallelu, hallelu, hallelujah!
A: Praise ye the Lord!

43. Q: Praise ye the Lord!
A: Hallelujah!

44. Q: Where will we meet again?
A: Here, there, or in the air.

45. Q: What can a pastor say while all heads are bowed?
A. Yes, I see that hand.

46. Q. How is a person saved?
A. If you walk this aisle…”

47. Q. And what requirement is there if you should fall into sin?
A. You just need to rededicate your life to God.

48. Q: Can I hear an Ay-men?
A: Ay-men.

Heidelberg Catechism Rap

 

The First Ever Rap Song About the Heidelberg Catechism

Lyrics

Verse 1

Yeah I’m on a mission like a couple spies, and that guys is the reason why I catechize. The good news we almost forgot I recognize, Heidelberg rediscovering the gospel prize. It’s not scripture but the truth in it will mention he, introduction hide and seek the 16th century. Written in a time when your mind was the weaponry, this document is back into the populace shouts to Kevin D. Better than you think not as bad as you remember, purpose driven truth, from Frederick the elector. He would initiate, the 129 questions to illustrate truths like Christ propitiates. All in a document, whose purpose was to teach children, a guide for preachers, and confessions in a church building. And this is all fact The Heidelberg Cat has been around but now it’s seem like it is coming back.

Hook

We believe in the cross, believe in his life,
We believe in his death, believe he’s the Christ.
We believe that he rose from grave yes it is him
And we read the Heidelberg Catechism

We believe in the after life and we believe nothing’s after Christ, so we stand our ground, cuz the truth’s been around from the word to Heidelberg.

Verse 2

Year of the Heidelberg resulting in renewed passion, and we could see it in our lives lights camera action. Let’s take a gander and address a few questions from Heidelberg document then look at the answers. But before that make sure that, you know how it’s broken down, in a Q & A format, a few sections. Suggestions how to read this not to sound promotional, but Kevin put it in his book to make it a devotional. Each question each answer has a bit of commentary, so the application of it is not some involuntary. Mystery, the history screams through rings true but I’ll just leave that up to God, cuz that’s between you. to believe, but to believe you gotta read you and then you meditate on all the truths that the Heidelberg will illustrate. What’s that the catechism homey where you been the good news we almost forgot let’s get it in!

Verse 3

From the word to the Heidelberg, we see that what’s the comfort of life should come first. And in death that I with, body and soul but belong to the savior, commentary from me man, tell this to your neighbor. Moving on, how many things are necessary for thee, enjoying this comfort, to live and die happily? Three, my sin’s misery, deliverance from sin, and gratitude for God is how the answer ends. Let’s stretch it out the Lord’s day 23 the grandaddy of them all, questions 59 and 60. What good does it do to believe in all this? In Christ I am right heir to the promise. Paraphrase, anyways I’m kinda limited I’m just trying to say a couple things my man Kevin did. On the Heidelberg, go and get you one, and by the way CJ homey this was fun.