Hanserd Knollys – Revelation 18 – 20

Rev. 18.1:Hanserd_Knollys_web

This is the angel that poured forth the fifth vial upon the seat or throne of the beast. (Re 16:10) The school men tell us, there are three degrees of the holy angels. The first hierarchy are seraphims, cherubims, and thrones; the second hath dominions, virtues, and powers; the third hath principalities, arch angels and angels. But certainly there are orders and degrees among the holy angels, for the Holy Scripture mentioneth arch angels and angels. (1Th 4:16 Jude 9 Eze 10:1-8) Also cherubims and seraphims. (Isa 6:2-6) Likewise principalities, thrones, and dominions, (Col 1:16 Eph 1:21 Eph 3:10) so that there are degrees of angels. This angel, as he is great in power, so he excels in glory.

Rev. 18.2:

saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen. This declaration of Rome’s destruction, is borrowed from Isa 13:19-22 34:13-15, (Jer 51:37 and Re 18:21). Rome material and mystical, shall be utterly ruined, papists and popery shall be destroyed root and branch.

Rev. 18.3:

and all the kings of the earth, who have given their power, strength, and kingdom, to the beast of the seventh head, the eighth king, the Pope of Rome, the Roman Church and clergy, her merchants that trade in the papal see of Rome, her prelates, and priests, who sell pardons, indulgences, dispensations; also slaves and souls of men. (as Re 18:11,12,13) Omnia sunt Rome venalia.

Rev. 18.6-7:

This reward is Gods righteous retaliation, {2Th 1:5-6} and the answer of Sion’s Prayers. {Jer 51:35-49}

How much she hath glorified her self, she saith, I sit a Queen. She is Queen Regent, see Re 17:15-18. The Queen Mother, see Re 17:5 that great old scarlet whore, the Church of Rome; as old Babylon said, (Isa 47:1-9) etc. The remainder of this chapter is literal, and needs no exposition; it is so plain, that any intelligible person may run and read it. (Eze 27:29-32) And all that handle the Oar, the mariners, and all the pilots of the sea, shall come down from their ships, they shall stand upon the land- And in their wailing they shall take up a lamentation for thee, and lament over thee, saying, What city is like Tyrus, like the destroyed in the midst of the sea. (Isa 34:8-10) For it is the day of the Lords vengeance, and the year of recompences for the controversies of Zion. And the streams thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into brimstone, and the land thereof shall become burning pitch. It shall not be quenched night nor day, the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation to generation it shall lie waste, none shall pass through it for ever and ever. (Ps 58:11) So that a man shall say, verily there is a reward for the righteous: verily he is a God that judgeth in the earth. (Jer 51:47-64) Therefore behold, the days come, that I will do judgment upon the graven images of Babylon, and her whole land shall be confounded, and all her slain shall fall in the midst of her. Then the heaven, and the earth, and all that is therein, shall sing for Babylon: for the spoilers shall come unto her from the north, saith the Lord. As Babylon hath caused the slain of Israel to fall: so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the earth. -And it shall be when thou hast made an end of reading this book, that thou shalt bind a stone to it, and cast it into the midst of Euphrates: And thou shalt say, Thus shall Babylon sink, and shall not rise from the evil that I will bring upon her: and they shall be weary. Thus far are the words of Jeremiah. (Re 18:24) And in her was found the blood of prophets, and of saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth. God reveals and revengeth her blood guiltiness, and calls all his saints in heaven and earth to rejoice. (Re 18:20)

Rev. 19.4-5:

By the four and twenty elders, and the four living creatures, we are to understand the ministers, and members of Christ in his churches of saints on earth who worship God that sits upon his throne in heaven. (Ps 103:19) The Lord hath prepareth his throne in the heavens, and his kingdom ruleth over all

Rev. 19.8-9:

For the fine linen is the righteousness of saints That is, their righteousness of justification, (2Co 5:18) with which the saints are covered, (Isa 61:10) and their righteousness of sanctification, where with they are beautified. (Eph 4:24 5:9 Php 1:11) And Jesus Christ is made of God unto the Saints, both righteousness and sanctification. (1Co 1:30)

He, that is, the Angel of God: Me, that is, John, write: For these are the true sayings of God By the marriage supper of the Lamb, we are to understand Christ’s and the wife virgin’s wedding. (Mt 25:1-13) And they that were ready went in with him to the marriage.

Rev. 19.15-16:

In the 15th verse are revealed (Re 19:15) the two principal weapons which the Lord Jesus Christ will make use of in this battle against his enemies; viz. the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, (as Re 19:19) and they are the sword of his mouth, which is the Word of God, (Eph 6:17 Re 2:12)

And he hath on his vesture, and on his thigh a name written KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS. The Lord Jesus Christ is King of Saints, (Re 15:3) King of Sion, (Ps 149:1-2) and King of Nations, (Jer 10:7-10) the only potentate. (1Ti 6:15) And he shall be King in all the earth, (Zec 14:9) And the Kingdoms of this world shall become the Kingdom of Christ and his saints. (Re 11:15 Da 7:27-28)

Rev. 19.17-18:

the supper of the great God, to eat the flesh of kings, captains, and mighty men, and all men, both small and great. Whereby is signified, first, the certainty of Christ’s victory over all his enemies. Secondly, the great slaughter which Christ will make in this great Armageddon battle amongst his enemies. (Eze 39:1-21) Therefore thou Son of man, prophesise against Gog, the chief Prince of Meshech and Tubal. And I will send a fire on Magog, and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles, and they shall know that I am the Lord-Behold, it is come, and it is done, saith the Lord God; this is, the day whereof I have spoken-And thou son of man, thus saith the Lord God, speak unto every feathered fowl, and to every beast of the field, assemble yourselves and come together yourselves on every side to my sacrifice that I do sacrifice for you, even a great sacrifice upon the mountains of Israel, that ye may eat flesh, and drink blood. Ye shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth, of rams, of lambs, and of goats, of bullocks, all of them fatlings of Bashan. And ye shall eat fat till be full, and drink blood till ye be drunken, and my sacrifice which I have sacrificed for you. Thus ye shall be filled at my table with horses, and chariots, with mighty men, and with all men of war, saith the Lord of God. And I will set my glory among the heathen, and all the heathen shall see my judgement that I have executed, and my hand that I have laid upon them.

Rev. 19.19-21:

And all the fowls were filled with their flesh.

Jer 51:19-24. The portion of Jacob is not like them, for he is the former of all things, and Israel is the rod of his inheritance: the Lord of hosts is his name. Thou are my battle ax and weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms: And with thee will I break in pieces the horse and his rider, and with thee will I break in pieces the chariot and his rider: With thee also will I break in pieces man and woman, and with thee will I break in pieces old and young, and with thee will I break in pieces the young man and the maid: I will also break in pieces with thee the shepherd and his flock, and with thee will I break in pieces the husbandmand and his yoke of oxen, and with thee will I break in pieces captains and rulers. And I will render unto Babylon, and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea, all their evil that they have done in Zion, in your sight, saith the Lord. (Ps 149:1-9) Praise ye the Lord, sing unto the Lord a new song, and his praise in the congregation of saints. Let Israel rejoice in him that made him: let the children of Zion be joyful in their king. Let them praise his name in the dance: let them sing praises unto him with the timbrel and harp. For the Lord taketh pleasure in his people: he will beautify the meek with salvation. Let the saints be joyful in glory: let them sing along upon their beds. Let the high praises of God be in their mouth, and a two-edged sword in their hand; To execute vengeance upon the heathen, and punishment upon the people; To bind their kings with chains, and their nobles with fetters of iron; To execute upon them the judgement written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the Lord. As God stirred up the spirit of the Medes, (Jer 51:11-28) so God will raise up the spirit of kings to hate the whore, and to eat her flesh, and to burn her with fire, {Re 17:6} and so make mystical Babylon an utter desolation. (Re 18:21-24)

Rev. 20.1-3:

John had seen the dragon, the old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, and his angels, cast out of the Roman papal kingdom and dominion. Re 12:7-10 And here John had revealed unto him how the dragon (as a conquered enemy, and wretched captive) is bound, and made a close prisoner for a thousand years, after the destruction of the Roman papal kingdom and dominion.

and bound him a thousand years; that is, a certain definite time, Re 20:4 these thousand years. (so Re 20:3-7) They are not any mystical or prophetical number, but literal, and so Pareus, and other expositors number them literally. Re 20:3

And shut him up, and set a seal upon him; that is, secured him in his prison, from tempting and deceiving the nations by himself, or by his instruments; pagan, papal, or Mahometan false teachers, (as 2Pe 2:1-3)

Re 20.7-10: And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, 8 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. 9 And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them. 10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

I saw a great white throne; which signifies the glory and majesty of our Lord Jesus Christ at his second coming, (Heb 9:28) which will be with power and great glory, (Mt 24:30) then we shall all stand before the Judgement Seat of Christ, (Ro 14:10-12 2Co 5:10) whom John saw sit upon the white Throne

And the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. (2Co 5:10) whereby is revealed the just and righteous proceedings of Jesus Christ in judgement; for the wicked shall receive their reward, according to their evil deeds; and the righteous shall receive their reward of grace, as God hath promised them, according to their good deeds, (Mt 25:34-40) but not for them.

Rev. 20.21:

no more sea.

The glory and happiness of the church of God on earth prophesied by Isa 60:1-22 I the LORD will hasten it in his time; (in Christ’s time) is here revealed to John in this vision of the new heaven and the new earth, which he saw, whereby is signified the world to come, {Heb 2:5} in contradistinction to this world. {Mt 12:32 Eph 1:21} God promised the primitive saints, that he would create new heavens, and a new earth, {Isa 65:17-18 66:22} and therefore the latter day saints do, according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness, {2Pe 3:13}

For the first heavens and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.

So the apostle St. Peter testified, (2Pe 3:13) Nevertheless we according to his promise, look for new heavens and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness. By the sea, we are to understand the gathering together of the multitude of many waters, as Ge 1:10. And by the waters, upon which the whore satteth, we may understand, people, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues, (Re 17:15) called the See of Rome; so the See of Canterbury, and the See of York: Whereby is figured the rage, troubles and persecutions, stirred up by the wind of unsound and popish doctrine of the church of Rome, as Isa 57:20.

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