And lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion. By his standing on Mount Sion, is meant Christ’s presence with his church, and his kingly power for her protection and preservation, in all generations, (Eph 3:21) that God may have glory by Jesus Christ in his church, typed out here by Mount Sion, for strength, (Ps 125:1-2) and for beauty, (Ps 48:2)
an hundred forty and four thousand. These were the sealed ones, (chapter Re 7:3,4) so that our Lord Jesus Christ had lost none of all them that the Father had given him. (Joh 6:49)
Having his Fathers name written in their foreheads. This doth distinguish the followers of the Lamb from the worshippers and followers of the beast. The worshippers of the beast had the mark of the beast in their foreheads; which is an open and visible profession of their subjection and obedience unto the universal headship, government, dominion, laws, and ordinances of the Pope and Church of Rome.
And no man could learn that song, but the hundred and forty and four thousand. None but God’s chosen and called ones, his sealed ones, his sanctified ones, who were redeemed from the earth; that is, from the world. (Joh 17:6-16)
By women here, we are to understand mystery Babylon, the great whore, and mother of harlots; that is, the Church of Rome, and some national churches, though some of them may be (as Nineveh was), (Na 3:4-19) well favoured harlots; yet false churches, and not the churches of Christ. See Re 17:5
And worship him that made heaven and earth, etc.
For the hour, that is, the time, the appointed time of his judgement. (Ac 17:31) There was a time when God entered in judgement with the pagan emperors, and destroyed them, their idols, and idol temples, by Constantine the Great. See exposition of Re 6:12-17. And by this hour of God’s judgment, we are to understand the day and time of the utter ruin of Papal Rome, the beast of the eighth head, the Pope, the false prophets, the great whore, mystery Babylon, and all her daughters, the national synodal, and parochial false churches; as will appear plainly in the exposition of the 16, 17, 18, 19th chapters of this Prophecy of the Revelation of Jesus Christ.
By this sharp sickle we may understand the means and instruments that our Lord Jesus Christ will use to cut down mystery Babylon, the beast, the false prophet, the great whore, and the whole Roman papal kingdom. (Joe 3:13 Jer 51:33) For the time is come for thee to reap; that is, Gods appointed time; for the harvest of the earth is ripe. And the earth was reaped; that is, mystery Babylon was destroyed, as. (Re 18:8-19)
By angels here, we may understand those that shall be instruments in the ruin of the beasts kingdom, the Roman papacy, which are the kings of the earth, who shall hate the great whore, mystical Babylon, and burn her with fire. (Re 17:16)
sea of glass we are to understand the holy ordinances of the gospel, and pure worship of God
on the sea of glass; that is, these victors continued in the true and pure worship of God, according to the institutions of our Lord Jesus Christ.
For all nations shall come and worship before thee, (Isa 60:12) for thy judgments are made manifest, that is, in judging the great whore, (Re 18:8) And executing his seven last plagues upon the Roman papal kingdom of the beast, the false Prophet, and whole mystical Babylon. (Re 18:9-21) God is known by the judgments that he executeth. (Ps 9:16) Gods judgments executed upon Babylon, will be a means of conversion both of Jews and Gentiles. See Re 11:13.
And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power; and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled. The glory of God, and his power in his holy temple, was so great, and his presence in the midst of a dark cloud of smoke, so terrible, that Moses was not able to enter into the tent (or tabernacle) of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle, (Ex 40:34-38) and so his cloudy presence filled the holy Temple, (1Ki 8:10-12) nor could the priests enter into worship, for the glory of Gods presence, though he veiled himself with a dark cloud.