Hanserd Knollys – Revelation 6

Selected notes from Knollys exposition of Revelation. Emphasis added.

 

hanserd-knollys

Rev. 6.1:

The Lord Jesus Christ having prevailed to open this sealed book of the Revelation, which God gave him, and he took it out of his right hand. Now John saw him open one of the seals; that is, the first in order of the seven seals of this book; It is a Hebraism, the Jews used so to express; and call the first of times, things or persons, as Ge 1:5 one day, that is, the first day. It is also a Helenism; the Greeks used to express and call the first of Sabbaths, (Mr 16:2) πρωῒ τῆς μιᾶς σαββάτων, early upon one of the Sabbaths, that is, upon the first Sabbath (Mr 16:9) For that first day of the week was the first Christian Sabbath, called the Lord’s Day.

Rev. 6.2:

It is usual in the prophets to signify great and wonderful transactions and dispensations of God, by warlike horses. (Zec 6:2,3,6,7) So in this chapter. (Re 6:4,5,8) By this white horse we may understand the ministry of the gospel of peace and grace, especially the powerful operation of the Holy Spirit in the word preached. (Heb 4:12 1Th 1:5) Notwithstanding all the opposition and persecution of the Roman pagan emperors, and the Roman papal potentates.

Rev. 6.4:

By this red horse we may understand the bloody sufferings of the churches, ministers, and members of Christ, by the persecutions of the Roman pagan emperors, who were called the ‘red dragon’ (Re 12:3) who killed many of the saints and servants of God; but yet they overcame and conquered at last, by the blood of the blessed Jesus, and by the word of their testimony, for they loved not their lives unto death. (Re 12:7,11)

And power was given to him that sat thereon, to take peace from the earth. This power was two-fold, first, that dominion, rule, and authority, which the fourth beast in Daniel’s vision had given unto him of God; that is, the Roman pagan monarchy (compare Da 2:40 with Da 7:23), in all political, civil, and lawful administrations. Secondly, that tyranny and cruelty, which the Roman pagan emperors exercised over the Christians by their soldiers and magistrates, by God’s permission in matters ecclesiastical, or idol-worship (as in Heb 11:35,36,37, &c.), mystically signified by ten days. (Re 2:10) By the earth we may understand the churches of God on earth, and literally the inhabitants of the earth: the Roman pagan emperors took peace from the churches of God on earth, by their bloody persecutions of the primitive Christians: And they took peace from the inhabitants of the earth, by their wars in several countries, cities, and towns.

Rev. 6.5:

by this black horse, we may understand scarcity of food, some kind of famine. (As Zec 6:2 Job 3 La 4:8,9 5:9,10)

Rev. 6.8:

This pale horse (by a metonymy of the effect) doth signify the several kinds of death, which effected by the sword, the famine, the pestilence, and the wild beasts.

Rev. 6.10:

The testimony which those martyrs held, was two fold; first, negative; they would not worship idols. (as Da 3:16,17,18) Positive; they did worship the only living God in Spirit and in truth. (Joh 4:22,23,24 Da 6:13-16) Both Eusebius and Mr. Fox, in their Histories of the Church, testify, that thousands in a day were killed for professing themselves Christians; and in that some places of Roman Empire whole churches full of Christians were burned together, and whole cities where burned for refusing to worship idols, and whole legions of soldiers were destroyed for being Christians, and worshipping God.

Rev. 6.11:

By white robes, we may understand, first, those garments of salvation, and robe of Christ’s righteousness. (Isa 61:10) Secondly, the bride’s attire, white clean (without spot, So 4:7), which is the righteousness of the saints. {Re 19:8} Thirdly the martyrs integrity and innocency in all their sufferings: having washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. (Re 7:14)

Rev. 6.12:

sixth Seal St. John had the revelation of the great revolution of the Roman pagan empire, which should put an end unto the bloody persecutions of the heathen emperors, and all their tyrannical torturing of the Christians by cruel deaths; which revolution is there set forth in a prophetical style and manner of speaking. For when the Prophets did foretell the destruction of Kingdoms, or some great changes and revolutions therein they used such figurative and metaphorical terms, words and expressions, as are in the following verses; viz.

Rev. 6.16 & 17:

These idolatrous potentate kings, priests, and captains, in the day of God vengeance (his temple vengeance) seek for hiding places, but find none. They had rather the rocks and mountains should have fallen on them and destroyed them, than to be brought before the judgment of seat of God and Jesus Christ, whose name they have blasphemed, whole churches, ministers, and members, they had persecuted, imprisoned, martyred and murdered, by their edicts, decrees, laws, and soldiers, and by the judges, juries, and the false witnesses. (Am 9:1,2,3) This great day of God, and the Lamb’s wrath, was at last acknowledged and confessed by those persecutors. This dreadful dispensation of God’s wrath happened in the days of the 10th and last bloody persecution of the Christians, when Diocelsian was Emperior; as all historians testify.

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2 thoughts on “Hanserd Knollys – Revelation 6

  1. We should note Bullinger’s Commentary On Revelation should be read on the subject of the so-called, ‘The Lord’s Day’, (pages 9-15). He feels very confident: “From all this evidence we feel justifies in believing that the Apocalypse consists of a series of visions, which set forth the events connected with “the Revelation of Jesus Christ,” which will take place during “the Lord’s DAY;” that day being so called because it is viewed as being “then present”; and as it had been called heretofore in prophecy, “the day of the Lord.” (pages 14-15)

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